Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Sensors
Volume 2010, Article ID 967245, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/967245
Research Article

Complete Triaxis Magnetometer Calibration in the Magnetic Domain

Position Location and Navigation (PLAN) Group, Schulich School of Engineering, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive N.W., Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 1N4

Received 6 September 2010; Revised 13 October 2010; Accepted 26 October 2010

Academic Editor: Pavel Ripka

Copyright © 2010 Valérie Renaudin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [93 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • Xizhong Lou, Li Zhi, and Jun Fang, “An algorithm which can obtain the global walking direction,” 2015 12th International Conference on Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery (FSKD), pp. 2619–2624, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Pasquale Daponte, Luca De Vito, Francesco Picariello, Sergio Rapuano, and Carmine Sementa, “A method for real-time compensation of magnetometers embedded on smartphones,” 2016 IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference Proceedings, pp. 1–6, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Mohamed Nabil, M. B. Abdelhalim, and Ashraf AbdelRaouf, “A new Kalman filter-based algorithm to improve the indoor positioning,” 2016 5th International Conference on Multimedia Computing and Systems (ICMCS), pp. 236–242, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Lin Ye, and Steven W. Su, “Experimental design for the calibration of tri-axial Magnetometers,” 2015 9th International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST), pp. 711–715, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Deng Yang, Zheng You, Bin Li, Wanwan Chen, and Binwen Yuan, “Zero-crossing method for hard iron interference and zero drift compensation applied to magnetometers,” 2016 10th International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST), pp. 1–5, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Haoqiang Jin, “A geometric method for calibrating three-axis magnetometers,” 2017 IEEE International Conference on Signal Processing, Communications and Computing (ICSPCC), pp. 1–6, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Nikolaus Ammann, Alexander Derksen, and Constantin Heck, “A novel magnetometer-accelerometer calibration based on a least squares approach,” 2015 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems (ICUAS), pp. 577–585, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Valerie Renaudin, Christophe Combettes, and Camille Marchand, “Toward a free inertial pedestrian navigation reference system,” 2014 International Conference on Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN), pp. 167–176, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Nicolas Antigny, Myriam Servieres, and Valerie Renaudin, “Pedestrian track estimation with handheld monocular camera and inertial-magnetic sensor for urban augmented reality,” 2017 International Conference on Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN), pp. 1–8, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • David Hanley, Alexander B. Faustino, Scott D. Zelman, David A. Degenhardt, and Timothy Bretl, “MagPIE: A dataset for indoor positioning with magnetic anomalies,” 2017 International Conference on Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN), pp. 1–8, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Nicolas Antigny, Myriam Servieres, and Valerie Renaudin, “[POSTER] An Inertial, Magnetic and Vision Based Trusted Pose Estimation for AR and 3D Data Qualification on Long Urban Pedestrian Displacements,” 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR-Adjunct), pp. 168–169, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Hettiarachchige Don Rasika Lakmal, and Jagath Samarabandu, “Spatial direction corrections to improve indoor localization using inertial navigation with sensors on a smartphone,” 2016 IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (CCECE), pp. 1–4, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Halil Ersin Soken, “A survey of calibration algorithms for small satellite magnetometers,” 2017 IEEE International Workshop on Metrology for AeroSpace (MetroAeroSpace), pp. 62–67, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Jai Motwani, Renju C Nair, Ganesh Prasad Nagaraja, A Ashok Kumar Senapati, Nandita, and Gude Kiran Kumar, “User agnostic error compensation for magnetic sensor in handheld device,” 2016 International Conference on Microelectronics, Computing and Communications (MicroCom), pp. 1–6, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Ales Kuncar, Martin Sysel, and Tomas Urbanek, “Calibration of low-cost accelerometer and magnetometer with differential evolution,” 2017 International Conference on Military Technologies (ICMT), pp. 414–418, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Hamzah Naser Alrawi, and Widad Ismail, “Enhancing magnetic IEDs detection method utilizes an AMR-based magnetic field sensor,” 2017 IEEE Asia Pacific Conference on Postgraduate Research in Microelectronics and Electronics (PrimeAsia), pp. 1–4, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Song Zhongguo, Zhu Wenqi, Xi Xiaoli, and Zhang Jinsheng, “A compensation method of alignment errors during triaxial magnetometer onboard calibration on spinning projectile,” 2015 IEEE Sensors Applications Symposium (SAS), pp. 1–5, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Song Zhongguo, Zhu Wenqi, Xi Xiaoli, and Zhang Jinsheng, “The application of non-orthogonal procrustes method in magnetometer calibration,” 2015 IEEE Sensors Applications Symposium (SAS), pp. 1–4, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Ronan Adam, Emmanuel Pecheur, Loic Bernard, and Sebastien Changey, “In-flight roll angle estimation for a guided high spin projectile,” 2016 IEEE Sensors Applications Symposium (SAS), pp. 1–6, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Said Alvarado, Novel Certad, Gerardo Fernandez Lopez, and Manuel Gonzalez, “Construction, identification and instrumentation of a low cost quadcopter research platform,” 2017 Latin American Robotics Symposium (LARS) and 2017 Brazilian Symposium on Robotics (SBR), pp. 1–6, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Peter Sarcevic, Szilveszter Pletl, and Zoltan Kincses, “Evolutionary algorithm based 9DOF sensor board calibration,” 2014 IEEE 12th International Symposium on Intelligent Systems and Informatics (SISY), pp. 187–192, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Srdjan Tadic, and Milan B. Vukajlovic, “Coarse azimuth alignment of inertial measurement unit for use in telematics,” 2013 21st Telecommunications Forum Telfor (TELFOR), pp. 565–568, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Tevis W. Nichols, Jack S. Elston, and Brian Argrow, “Analysis of the Accuracy of MEMS Magnetometers in Small UAS for use in State Estimation,” AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Muhammad Haris Afzal, Valerie Renaudin, and Gerard Lachapelle, “Use of Earth's Magnetic Field for Mitigating Gyroscope Errors Regardless of Magnetic Perturbation,” Sensors, vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 11390–11414, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Muhammad Haris Afzal, Valérie Renaudin, and Geŕard Lachapelle, “Multi-magnetometer based perturbation mitigation for indoor orientation estimation,” Navigation, Journal of the Institute of Navigation, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 279–292, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Valérie Renaudin, Muhammad Haris Afzal, and Gérard Lachapelle, “Magnetic perturbations detection and heading estimation using magnetometers,” Journal of Location Based Services, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 161–185, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Xiang Li, and Zhi Li, “A new calibration method for tri-axial field sensors in strap-down navigation systems,” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 105105, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Aiden Morrison, Valérie Renaudin, Jared B. Bancroft, and Gérard Lachapelle, “Design and testing of a multi-sensor pedestrian location and navigation platform,” Sensors, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 3720–3738, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Jared B. Bancroft, and Gérard Lachapelle, “Use of magnetic Quasi Static Field (QSF) updates for pedestrian navigation,” Record - IEEE PLANS, Position Location and Navigation Symposium, pp. 605–612, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Zhitian Wu, Xiaoping Hu, Meiping Wu, and Juliang Cao, “Constrained total least-squares calibration of three-axis magnetometer for vehicular applications,” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 095003, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Zhitian Wu, Xiaoping Hu, Meiping Wu, and Juliang Cao, “Attitude-independent magnetometer calibration for marine magnetic surveys: regularization issue,” Journal of Geophysics and Engineering, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 045002, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Hongfeng Pang, Shitu Luo, Qi Zhang, Ji Li, Dixiang Chen, Mengchun Pan, and Feilu Luo, “Calibration of a fluxgate magnetometer array and its application in magnetic object localization,” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 075102, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Alexander Gluhak, and Rahim Tafazolli, “A Fast Calibration Method for Triaxial Magnetometers,” Ieee Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 62, no. 11, pp. 2929–2937, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Zhi Li, and Xiang Li, “Research on self-calibration method for tri-axial magnetic compass,” Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 8759, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Igor Cvišić, and Ivan Petrović, “Development and testing of small aerial vehicles with redundant number of rotors,” IEEE EuroCon 2013, pp. 1921–1926, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Metge, Megret, Giremus, Berthoumieu, and Mazel, “Dynamic magnetic field compensation for micro UAV attitude estimation,” 2013 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, ICUAS 2013 - Conference Proceedings, pp. 725–733, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Justin B. Rowe, Nizan Friedman, Mark Bachman, and David J. Reinkensmeyer, “The Manumeter: A non-obtrusive wearable device for monitoring spontaneous use of the wrist and fingers,” IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Hongfeng Pang, Mengchun Pan, Chengbiao Wan, Jinfei Chen, Xuejun Zhu, and Feilu Luo, “Integrated Compensation of Magnetometer Array Magnetic Distortion Field and Improvement of Magnetic Object Localization,” Ieee Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 52, no. 9, pp. 5670–5676, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Elder M. Hemerly, and Fernando A. A. Coelho, “Explicit Solution for Magnetometer Calibration,” Ieee Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 63, no. 8, pp. 2093–2095, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Heiner Kuhlmann, Christian Eling, Lasse Klingbeil, and Florian Zimmermann, “Magnetic field sensor calibration for attitude determination,” Journal of Applied Geodesy, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 97–108, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Yan Xia Liu, Xi Sheng Li, Xiao Juan Zhang, and Yi Bo Feng, “Novel Calibration Algorithm for a Three-Axis Strapdown Magnetometer,” Sensors, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 8485–8504, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Valerie Renaudin, and Christophe Combettes, “Magnetic, Acceleration Fields and Gyroscope Quaternion (MAGYQ)-Based Attitude Estimation with Smartphone Sensors for Indoor Pedestrian Navigation,” Sensors, vol. 14, no. 12, pp. 22864–22890, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Long Zhao, Ding Wang, Baoqi Huang, and Lihua Xie, “Distributed Filtering-Based Autonomous Navigation System of UAV,” Unmanned Systems, pp. 1–18, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Song Zhongguo, Zhang Jinsheng, Zhang Xuehui, and Xi Xiaoli, “A Calibration Method of Three-Axis Magnetometer With Noise Suppression,” Ieee Transactions On Magnetics, vol. 50, no. 11, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Nizan Friedman, Justin B. Rowe, David J. Reinkensmeyer, and Mark Bachman, “The Manumeter: A Wearable Device for Monitoring Daily Use of the Wrist and Fingers,” Ieee Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 1804–1812, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • J Metge, R Mégret, A Giremus, Y Berthoumieu, and T Décamps, “Calibration of an inertial-magnetic measurement unit without external equipment, in the presence of dynamic magnetic disturbances,” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 125106, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Ahmed Wahdan, Jacques Georgy, Walid F. Abdelfatah, and Aboelmagd Noureldin, “Magnetometer Calibration for Portable Navigation Devices in Vehicles Using a Fast and Autonomous Technique,” Ieee Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 2347–2352, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Estefania Munoz Diaz, Ana Luz Mendiguchia Gonzalez, and Fabian De Ponte Müller, “Standalone inertial pocket navigation system,” Record - IEEE PLANS, Position Location and Navigation Symposium, pp. 241–251, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • François Peyret, Valerie Renaudin, and Christophe Combettes, “Quaternion based heading estimation with handheld MEMS in indoor environments,” Record - IEEE PLANS, Position Location and Navigation Symposium, pp. 645–656, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Manon Kok, and Thomas B. Schön, “Maximum likelihood calibration of a magnetometer using inertial sensors,” IFAC Proceedings Volumes, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 92–97, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • O. R. Bidder, J. S. Walker, M. W. Jones, M. D. Holton, P. Urge, D. M. Scantlebury, N. J. Marks, E. A. Magowan, I. E. Maguire, and R. P. Wilson, “Step by step: reconstruction of terrestrial animal movement paths by dead-reckoning,” Movement Ecology, vol. 3, no. 1, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • James S. Walker, Mark W. Jones, Robert S. Laramee, Mark D. Holton, Emily LC Shepard, Hannah J. Williams, D. Michael Scantlebury, Nikki, J. Marks, Elizabeth A. Magowan, Iain E. Maguire, Owen R. Bidder, Agustina Di Virgilio, and Rory P. Wilson, “Prying into the intimate secrets of animal lives; software beyond hardware for comprehensive annotation in ‘Daily Diary’ tags,” Movement Ecology, vol. 3, no. 1, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Zhi-Qiang Zhang, “Two-Step Calibration Methods for Miniature Inertial and Magnetic Sensor Units,” Ieee Transactions On Industrial Electronics, vol. 62, no. 6, pp. 3714–3723, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Yin Gang, Zhang Yingtang, Fan Hongbo, Ren Guoquan, and Li Zhining, “One-step calibration of magnetic gradient tensor system with nonlinear least square method,” Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, vol. 229, pp. 77–85, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Maryam Kiani, Seid H. Pourtakdoust, and Ali Akbar Sheikhy, “Consistent Calibration of Magnetometers for Nonlinear Attitude Determination,” Measurement, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Xuebing Yuan, Shuai Yu, Shengzhi Zhang, Guoping Wang, and Sheng Liu, “Quaternion-Based Unscented Kalman Filter for Accurate Indoor Heading Estimation Using Wearable Multi-Sensor System,” Sensors, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 10872–10890, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Ying Zhang, Ren-Nong Yang, Ming-Yang Li, Jia-Liang Zuo, and Xing-Yi Chen, “Calibration of vehicular three-axis magnetometer via truncated total least squares algorithm,” Binggong Xuebao/Acta Armamentarii, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 427–432, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Douglas Weibel, Dale Lawrence, and Scott Palo, “Small Unmanned Aerial System Attitude Estimation for Flight in Wind,” Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, pp. 1–6, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Zhi-Qiang Zhang, and Guang-Zhong Yang, “Micromagnetometer Calibration for Accurate Orientation Estimation,” Ieee Transactions On Biomedical Engineering, vol. 62, no. 2, pp. 553–560, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Li-Hui Wang, Bing-Bing Liang, Le Yu, and Nan Qiao, “Truncated total least squares algorithm in restraining random error of geomagnetic navigation magnetometer,” Zhongguo Guanxing Jishu Xuebao/Journal of Chinese Inertial Technology, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 763–768, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • M. Diaz-Michelena, R. Sanz, M. F. Cerdan, and A. B. Fernandez, “Calibration of QM-MOURA three-axis magnetometer and gradiometer,” Geoscientific Instrumentation Methods And Data Systems, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1–18, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Muhammad Ilyas, Kuk Cho, Seung-Ho Baeg, and Sangdeok Park, “Drift Reduction in Pedestrian Navigation System by Exploiting Motion Constraints and Magnetic Field,” Sensors, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 1455, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Arash Atrsaei, Hassan Salarieh, and Aria Alasty, “Human Arm Motion Tracking by Orientation-Based Fusion of Inertial Sensors and Kinect Using Unscented Kalman Filter,” Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, vol. 138, no. 9, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Binhee Kim, and Seung-Hyun Kong, “A Novel Indoor Positioning Technique Using Magnetic Fingerprint Difference,” IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 65, no. 9, pp. 2035–2045, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Zhiwei Chu, Xinhua Lin, Ke Gao, and Chilai Chen, “Error-separation method for the calibration of magnetic compass,” Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Billur Barshan, and Gorkem Secer, “Improvements in deterministic error modeling and calibration of inertial sensors and magnetometers,” Sensors and Actuators, A: Physical, vol. 247, pp. 522–538, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Hongwei Xie, Tao Gu, Xianping Tao, Haibo Ye, and Jian Lu, “A Reliability-Augmented Particle Filter for Magnetic Fingerprinting Based Indoor Localization on Smartphone,” IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1877–1892, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Manon Kok, and Thomas B. Schon, “Magnetometer Calibration Using Inertial Sensors,” IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 16, no. 14, pp. 5679–5689, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Zhongguo Song, Jinsheng Zhang, Wenqi Zhu, and Xiaoli Xi, “The Vector Matching Method in Geomagnetic Aiding Navigation,” Sensors, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 1120, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Brian Claus, and Ralf Bachmayer, “A Parameterized Geometric Magnetic Field Calibration Method for Vehicles with Moving Masses with Applications to Underwater Gliders,” Journal of Field Robotics, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Yu Huang, and Li Hua Wu, “Two-Step Complete Calibration of Magnetic Vector Gradiometer Based on Functional Link Artificial Neural Network and Least Squares,” IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 16, no. 11, pp. 4230–4237, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Qi Zhang, Hongfeng Pang, and Chengbiao Wan, “Magnetic interference compensation method for geomagnetic field vector measurement,” Measurement, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Christophe Combettes, and Valérie Renaudin, “Delay Kalman Filter to Estimate the Attitude of a Mobile Object with Indoor Magnetic Field Gradients,” Micromachines, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 79, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Yanshun Zhang, Yajing Guo, Tao Yang, Chunyu Li, and Zhanqing Wang, “A novel separation and calibration method for DVL and compass error in dead reckoning navigation systems,” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 065003, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Zhuo Peng, Shouhong Luo, Rong Zhang, and Meifeng Guo, “Sampson-distance based ellipse fitting for calibration of magnetic compass deviations,” Qinghua Daxue Xuebao/Journal of Tsinghua University, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 324–333, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Shengzhi Zhang, Shuai Yu, Chaojun Liu, Xuebing Yuan, and Sheng Liu, “A Dual-Linear Kalman Filter for Real-Time Orientation Determination System Using Low-Cost MEMS Sensors,” Sensors, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 264, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Ales Kuncar, Martin Sysel, and Tomas Urbanek, “Calibration of low-cost triaxial magnetometer,” MATEC Web of Conferences, vol. 76, pp. 05008, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Brian Claus, Ralf Bachmayer, Brian Claus, and Ralf Bachmayer, “A Parameterized Geometric Magnetic Field Calibration Method for Vehicles with Moving Masses with Applications to Underwater Gliders,” Field And Service Robotics: Results Of The 10Th International Conference, vol. 113, pp. 81–93, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Olli Sarkka, Tuukka Nieminen, Saku Suuriniemi, and Lauri Kettunen, “A Multi-Position Calibration Method for Consumer-Grade Accelerometers, Gyroscopes, and Magnetometers to Field Conditions,” IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 3470–3481, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Deng Yang, Zheng You, Bin Li, Wenrui Duan, and Binwen Yuan, “Complete Tri-Axis Magnetometer Calibration with a Gyro Auxiliary,” Sensors, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 1223, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Andrew Bingler, and Kamran Mohseni, “Dual Radio Autopilot System for Lightweight, Swarming Micro/Miniature Aerial Vehicles,” Journal of Aerospace Information Systems, pp. 1–13, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Ales Kuncar, Martin Sysel, and Tomas Urbanek, “Calibration of Low-Cost Three Axis Magnetometer with Differential Evolution,” Cybernetics and Mathematics Applications in Intelligent Systems, vol. 574, pp. 120–130, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Xiaoning Zhu, Ta Zhao, Defu Cheng, and Zhijian Zhou, “A three-step calibration method for tri-axial field sensors in a 3D magnetic digital compass,” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 055106, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • P. Bernal-Polo, and H. Martínez-Barberá, “Triaxial Sensor Calibration: A Prototype for Accelerometer and Gyroscope Calibration,” ROBOT 2017: Third Iberian Robotics Conference, vol. 694, pp. 79–90, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Suining He, and Kang G. Shin, “Geomagnetism for Smartphone-Based Indoor Localization,” ACM Computing Surveys, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 1–37, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Cheng, Zhou, Zhu, and Zhao, “A method of attitude determination with magnetic data only using in four degree of freedom vehicles,” Proceedings of 2017 IEEE 3rd Information Technology and Mechatronics Engineering Conference, ITOEC 2017, vol. 2017-, pp. 722–725, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Halil Ersin Soken, “A Survey of Calibration Algorithms for Small Satellite Magnetometers,” Measurement, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Hao Zhong, Weiguo Zhang, and Xiaoxiong Liu, “Research on Calibration Methods of Three-Axis Magnetometer Based on Vector Norm Estimation,” Chinese Journal of Sensors and Actuators, vol. 30, no. 10, pp. 1512–1517, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Miguel Ortiz, Mathieu De Sousa, and Valerie Renaudin, “A New PDR Navigation Device for Challenging Urban Environments,” Journal of Sensors, vol. 2017, pp. 1–11, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Thomas B. Schön, Jeroen D. Hol, and Manon Kok, “Using inertial sensors for position and orientation estimation,” Foundations and Trends in Signal Processing, vol. 11, no. 1-2, pp. 1–153, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Zhicheng Yang, Shenggang Yan, and Bin Li, “Hybrid Calibration Method for Three-Axis Gradiometer,” IEEE Magnetics Letters, vol. 8, pp. 1–5, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Liu Zongwei, and Song Jiancheng, “A Low-Cost Calibration Strategy for Measurement-While-Drilling System,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, pp. 1–1, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Bagus Adiwiluhung Riwanto, Tuomas Tikka, Antti Kestila, and Jaan Praks, “Particle Swarm Optimization with Rotation Axis Fitting for Magnetometer Calibration,” IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, pp. 1–1, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar