Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Sensors
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 406425, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/406425
Research Article

A Camera Phone Localised Surface Plasmon Biosensing Platform towards Low-Cost Label-Free Diagnostic Testing

1The Photonic Systems Group, Department of Electrical and Computing Engineering, McGill University, McConnell Building, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2A7
2Sensor Microsystems Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computing Engineering, McGill University, McConnell Building, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2A7

Received 8 August 2011; Revised 28 September 2011; Accepted 29 September 2011

Academic Editor: Jiri Homola

Copyright © 2011 Philip J. R. Roche et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. Nicoll and W. M. Detmer, “Basic principles of diagnostic test use and interpretation,” in Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment, L. M. Tierney, S. J. McPhee, and M. A. Papadakis, Eds., Appleton & Lange, 36th edition, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  2. J. P. Kassirer and S. G. Pauker, “Should diagnostic testing be regulated?” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 299, no. 17, pp. 947–949, 1978. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. G. Javitt, “Which way for genetic-test regulation? Assign regulation appropriate to the level of risk,” Nature, vol. 466, no. 7308, pp. 817–818, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. D. Kerouac, “The regulation of home diagnostic tests for genetic disorders: can the FDA deny a premarket application on the basis of the device's social impacts?” Journal of Biolaw and Business, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 34–43, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. C. D. Chin, V. Linder, and S. K. Sia, “Lab-on-a-chip devices for global health: past studies and future opportunities,” Lab on a Chip, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 41–57, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. A. Nash, J. M. Hoffman, D. Y. Stevens, A. S. Hoffman, P. S. Stayton, and P. Yager, “Laboratory-scale protein striping system for patterning biomolecules onto paper-based immunochromatographic test strips,” Lab on a Chip—Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology, vol. 10, no. 17, pp. 2279–2282, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Y. H. Ngo, D. Li, G. P. Simon, and G. Garnier, “Paper surface functionalized by nanoparticles,” in Proceedings of the 64th Appita Annual Conference and Exhibition, pp. 47–55, April 2010. View at Scopus
  8. M. S. Khan, S. B. M. Haniffa, A. Slater, and G. Garnier, “Effect of polymers on the retention and aging of enzyme on bioactive papers,” Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 88–96, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. V. Leung, A. A. M. Shehata, C. D. M. Filipe, and R. Pelton, “Streaming potential sensing in paper-based microfluidic channels,” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 364, no. 1–3, pp. 16–18, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. P. J. Bracher, M. Gupta, and G. M. Whitesides, “Patterning precipitates of reactions in paper,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 5117–5122, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. H. Noh and S. T. Phillips, “Metering the capillary-driven flow of fluids in paper-based microfluidic devices,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 82, no. 10, pp. 4181–4187, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. Y. Lu, W. Shi, J. Qin, and B. Lin, “Fabrication and characterization of paper-based microfluidics prepared in nitrocellulose membrane by Wax printing,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 329–335, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. W. Martinez, S. T. Phillips, G. M. Whitesides, and E. Carrilho, “Diagnostics for the developing world: microfluidic paper-based analytical devices,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 3–10, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Cesaro-Tadic, G. Dernick, D. Juncker et al., “High-sensitivity miniaturized immunoassays for tumor necrosis factor α using microfluidic systems,” Lab on a Chip—Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 563–569, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. B. Lee, S. J. Park, C. A. Mirkin, J. C. Smith, and M. Mrksich, “Protein nanoarrays generated by dip-pen nanotithography,” Science, vol. 295, no. 5560, pp. 1702–1705, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. Juncker, H. Schmid, U. Drechsler et al., “Autonomous microfluidic capillary system,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 74, no. 24, pp. 6139–6144, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nature Materials, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 442–453, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B. M. Dala-Ali, M. A. Lloyd, and Y. Al-Abed, “The uses of the iPhone for surgeons,” Surgeon, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 44–48, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. L. L. Alpay, O. B. Henkemans, W. Otten, T. A. J. M. Rövekamp, and A. C. M. Dumay, “E-health applications and services for patient empowerment: directions for best practices in the Netherlands,” Telemedicine and e-Health, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 787–791, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. B. Schneider, O. Heinze, K. Lederle, G. Weisser, and B. Bergh, “Development of an open source web portal for the exchange of medical data,” in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Health Informatics (HEALTHINF '10), pp. 538–540, January 2010. View at Scopus
  21. http://www.grandchallenges.org/Explorations/Pages/TopicsOverview.aspx.
  22. Z. Faridi, L. Liberti, K. Shuval, V. Northrup, A. Ali, and D. L. Katz, “Evaluating the impact of mobile telephone technology on type 2 diabetic patients' self-management: the NICHE pilot study,” Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 465–469, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. Kamanga, P. Moono, G. Stresman, S. Mharakurwa, and C. Shiff, “Rural health centres, communities and malaria case detection in Zambia using mobile telephones: a means to detect potential reservoirs of infection in unstable transmission conditions,” Malaria Journal, vol. 9, no. 1, article 96, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Elkaim, A. Rogier, J. Langlois, C. Thevenin-Lemoine, K. Abelin-Genevois, and R. Vialle, “Teleconsultation using multimedia messaging service for management plan in pediatric orthopaedics: a pilot study,” Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 296–300, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Q. M. Xie and J. Liu, “Mobile phone based biomedical imaging technology: a newly emerging area,” Recent Patents on Biomedical Engineering, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 41–53, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. D. N. Breslauer, R. N. Maamari, N. A. Switz, W. A. Lam, and D. A. Fletcher, “Mobile phone based clinical microscopy for global health applications,” PLoS ONE, vol. 4, no. 7, Article ID e6320, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. R. P. Braun, J. L. Vecchietti, L. Thomas et al., “Telemedical wound care using a new generation of mobile telephones: a feasibility study,” Archives of Dermatology, vol. 141, no. 2, pp. 254–258, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. W. Martinez, S. T. Phillips, E. Carrilho, S. W. Thomas, H. Sindi, and G. M. Whitesides, “Simple telemedicine for developing regions: camera phones and paper-based microfluidic devices for real-time, off-site diagnosis,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 80, no. 10, pp. 3699–3707, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. Becker, A. Trügler, A. Jakab, U. Hohenester, and C. Sönnichsen, “The optimal aspect ratio of gold nanorods for plasmonic bio-sensing,” Plasmonics, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 161–167, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. A. D. McFarland, C. L. Haynes, C. A. Mirkin, R. P. Van Duyne, and H. A. Godwin, “Color my nanoworld,” Journal of Chemical Education, vol. 81, p. 544, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  31. D. Mahad, M. K. Callahan, K. A. Williams et al., “Modulating CCR2 and CCL2 at the blood-brain barrier: relevance for multiple sclerosis pathogenesis,” Brain, vol. 129, no. 1, pp. 212–223, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. R. D. Loberg, L. L. Day, J. Harwood et al., “CCL2 is a potent regulator of prostate cancer cell migration and proliferation,” Neoplasia, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 578–586, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. G. Soria and A. Ben-Baruch, “The inflammatory chemokines CCL2 and CCL5 in breast cancer,” Cancer Letters, vol. 267, no. 2, pp. 271–285, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus