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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2012, Article ID 483471, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/483471
Research Article

Improved Refractive Index Sensitivity Utilizing Long-Period Gratings with Periodic Corrugations on Cladding

Photonics Research Centre, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798

Received 17 March 2012; Accepted 8 May 2012

Academic Editor: Yu-Lung Lo

Copyright © 2012 Anthony Lim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A new structure of Long-Period Gratings (LPGs) sensor is introduced as a sensitive ambient RI sensor. This structure consists of creating periodic corrugations on the cladding of the LPG. The experimental results show that this LPG structure has good performances in terms of linearity and sensitivity and serves as a highly sensitive and cost-effective sensor. It also has the advantage of portability as the corrugation can also serve as the reservoir for the specimen collection to be tested.