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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 792978, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/792978
Research Article

Context-Aware AAL Services through a 3D Sensor-Based Platform

Institute for Microelectronics and Microsystems, Italian National Research Council (CNR), Via Monteroni, c/o Campus Università del Salento, Palazzina A3, Lecce, Italy

Received 8 February 2013; Accepted 27 April 2013

Academic Editor: Eugenio Martinelli

Copyright © 2013 Alessandro Leone et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The main goal of Ambient Assisted Living solutions is to provide assistive technologies and services in smart environments allowing elderly people to have high quality of life. Since 3D sensing technologies are increasingly investigated as monitoring solution able to outperform traditional approaches, in this work a noninvasive monitoring platform based on 3D sensors is presented providing a wide-range solution suitable in several assisted living scenarios. Detector nodes are managed by low-power embedded PCs in order to process 3D streams and extract postural features related to person’s activities. The feature level of details is tuned in accordance with the current context in order to save bandwidth and computational resources. The platform architecture is conceived as a modular system suitable to be integrated into third-party middleware to provide monitoring functionalities in several scenarios. The event detection capabilities were validated by using both synthetic and real datasets collected in controlled and real-home environments. Results show the soundness of the presented solution to adapt to different application requirements, by correctly detecting events related to four relevant AAL services.