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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2015, Article ID 351940, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/351940
Research Article

Using Bayesian Inference Framework towards Identifying Gas Species and Concentration from High Temperature Resistive Sensor Array Data

1ABB Corporate Research, Windsor, CT 06095, USA
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269-3139, USA
3Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269-3222, USA

Received 31 March 2015; Accepted 4 May 2015

Academic Editor: Banshi D. Gupta

Copyright © 2015 Yixin Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

High temperature gas sensors have been highly demanded for combustion process optimization and toxic emissions control, which usually suffer from poor selectivity. In order to solve this selectivity issue and identify unknown reducing gas species (CO, CH4, and CH8) and concentrations, a high temperature resistive sensor array data set was built in this study based on 5 reported sensors. As each sensor showed specific responses towards different types of reducing gas with certain concentrations, based on which calibration curves were fitted, providing benchmark sensor array response database, then Bayesian inference framework was utilized to process the sensor array data and build a sample selection program to simultaneously identify gas species and concentration, by formulating proper likelihood between input measured sensor array response pattern of an unknown gas and each sampled sensor array response pattern in benchmark database. This algorithm shows good robustness which can accurately identify gas species and predict gas concentration with a small error of less than 10% based on limited amount of experiment data. These features indicate that Bayesian probabilistic approach is a simple and efficient way to process sensor array data, which can significantly reduce the required computational overhead and training data.