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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 438290, 4 pages
Research Article

An Improved Ant Colony Routing Algorithm for WSNs

Beijing University of Civil Engineering, Beijing 10044, China

Received 12 December 2014; Accepted 4 March 2015

Academic Editor: Qing-An Zeng

Copyright © 2015 Tan Zhi and Zhang Hui. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Ant colony algorithm is a classical routing algorithm. And it are used in a variety of application because it is economic and self-organized. However, the routing algorithm will expend huge amounts of energy at the beginning. In the paper, based on the idea of Dijkstra algorithm, the improved ant colony algorithm was proposed to balance the energy consumption of networks. Through simulation and comparison with basic ant colony algorithms, it is obvious that improved algorithm can effectively balance energy consumption and extend the lifetime of WSNs.