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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2016, Article ID 1923934, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1923934
Research Article

Rotational Angle Measurement of Bridge Support Using Image Processing Techniques

1Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Sejong University, 209 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 143-747, Republic of Korea
2Department of Civil Engineering, Daegu University, 201 Daegudae-ro, Gyeongsan-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do 712-714, Republic of Korea

Received 11 August 2015; Accepted 3 November 2015

Academic Editor: Stefania Campopiano

Copyright © 2016 Young-Soo Park et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Measuring a very small rotational angle accurately and dynamically is indeed a challenging issue, especially in the case of bridge support. Also, existing inclinometers do not have sufficient resolution and accuracy to measure a bridge’s rotational angle. In this study, a new measurement system was developed to provide a practical means for measuring dynamic rotational angle of a bridge support. It features high resolution and accuracy compared with the available systems on the market. By the combinational use of a laser pointer and a vision-based displacement measurement system, the measurement accuracy was significantly increased. The accuracy and applicability were investigated through laboratory tests. From the laboratory tests, it has been found that the developed system can be applicable to bridge support with very small rotational angle. The effectiveness of the developed system was verified through field tests on real bridges. From the full-scale implementation on two PSC girder bridges, it is observed that the proposed system can measure the rotational angle with a high accuracy and reliability.