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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 4201870, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4201870
Research Article

Wide Range Fiber Displacement Sensor Based on Bending Loss

1State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
2College of Water-Conservancy and Hydropower, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
3Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA

Received 23 August 2015; Revised 11 December 2015; Accepted 11 January 2016

Academic Editor: Lei Su

Copyright © 2016 Jinlei Zhao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A wide range fiber optic sensor system for displacement and crack monitoring is developed. In the proposed fiber optic sensor system, a number of fiber loops are formed from a single fiber and each fiber loop is used as a crack or displacement sensor. The feasibility and the dynamic range of the fiber sensor developed in this manner are investigated experimentally. Both glass fibers and plastic fibers are used in the experiments. Experimental results show that the new fiber optic sensor has a wide range (maximum range is 88 mm) and this sensor also has a high sensitivity for displacement and crack monitoring when an appropriate diameter of the fiber loop is selected as the sensor. Moreover, the proposed method is very simple and has low cost, so in situ application potential of the proposed sensor is high.