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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2016, Article ID 5486437, 18 pages
Research Article

Adaptive Cross-Layer Multipath Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

1Institute of Information Technology, Kohat University of Science and Technology (KUST), Kohat City 26000, Pakistan
2Integrated Management Coastal Research Institute, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera, 46022 Valencia, Spain
3Biomedical Technology Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh 11633, Saudi Arabia

Received 24 March 2016; Accepted 26 May 2016

Academic Editor: Jian Shu

Copyright © 2016 Zeeshan Iqbal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) are generally created for temporary scenarios. In such scenarios, where nodes are in mobility, efficient routing is a challenging task. In this paper, we propose an adaptive and cross-layer multipath routing protocol for such changing scenarios. Our routing mechanisms operate keeping in view the type of applications. For simple applications, the proposed protocol is inspired from traditional on-demand routing protocols by searching shortest routes from source to destination using default parameters. In case of multimedia applications, the proposed mechanism considers such routes which are capable of providing more data rates having less packet loss ratio. For those applications which need security, the proposed mechanism searches such routes which are more secure in nature as compared to others. Cross-layer methodology is used in proposed routing scheme so as to exchange different parameters across the protocol stack for better decision-making at network layer. Our approach is efficient and fault tolerant in a variety of scenarios that we simulated and tested.