Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Sensors
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 6148019, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6148019
Research Article

Precession Azimuth Sensing with Low-Noise Molecular Electronics Angular Sensors

1Center for Molecular Electronics, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Moscow 117303, Russia
2NordLab LLC, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region 141700, Russia
3Institute of Microelectronics Technology and High Purity Materials, Russian Academy of Sciences, Institutskaya ul. 6, Chernogolovka, Moscow Region 142432, Russia

Received 3 November 2015; Accepted 16 February 2016

Academic Editor: Andrea Cusano

Copyright © 2016 Dmitry L. Zaitsev et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper describes the use of MET-based low-noise angular motion sensors to precisely determine azimuth direction in a dynamic-scheme method of measuring the Earth’s rotational velocity vector. The scheme includes sensor installation on a rotating platform so that it could scan the space and seek for the position of the highest Earth’s rotation vector projection on its axis. This method is very efficient provided a low-noise sensor is used. A low-cost angular sensor based on MET (molecular electronic transduction) technology has been used. The sensors of this kind were originally developed for seismic activity monitoring and are well known for very good noise performance and high sensitivity. This approach, combined with the use of special signal processing algorithms, allowed reaching the accuracy of 0.2°, while the measurement time was less than 100 seconds.