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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2016, Article ID 6385380, 5 pages
Research Article

Improving Localization in Wireless Sensor Network Using Fixed and Mobile Guide Nodes

1Department of Computer Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Rasht Branch, Rasht, Iran
2Department of Computer Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan Branch, Lahijan, Iran
3Department of Computer Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Qom Branch, Qom, Iran
4Young Researchers and Elite Club, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran

Received 29 May 2016; Accepted 20 July 2016

Academic Editor: Constantin Apetrei

Copyright © 2016 R. Ahmadi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Wireless sensor network contains very large number of tiny sensors; some nodes with known position are recognized as guide nodes. Other nodes with unknown position are localized by guide nodes. This article uses the combination of fixed and mobile guide nodes in wireless network localization. So nearly 20% of nodes are fixed guide nodes and three nodes are intended as mobile guide nodes. To evaluate the proficiency, the proposed algorithm has been successfully studied and verified through simulation. Low cost, high accuracy, and low power consumption of nodes and complete coverage are the benefits of this approach and long term in localization is the disadvantage of this method.