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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 7980476, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7980476
Research Article

Nanosensors for a Monitoring System in Intelligent and Active Packaging

1Electrical Engineering Department, University of Santiago of Chile, Avenida Ecuador 3519, 9170124 Santiago, Chile
2Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Andres Bello, Antonio Varas 880, 8031015 Santiago, Chile
3Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Chile, Beauchef 850, 8370448 Santiago, Chile

Received 10 August 2015; Accepted 28 October 2015

Academic Editor: Kourosh Kalantar-Zadeh

Copyright © 2016 Guillermo Fuertes et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A theoretical wireless nanosensor network (WNSN) system that gives information about the food packaging condition is proposed. The protection effectiveness is estimated by measuring many factors, such as the existence of microorganisms, bacteria, gases, and contaminants. This study is focused on the detection of an antimicrobial agent (AA) attached on a polymer forming an active integrated package. All monitoring technologies for food conservation are analyzed. Nanobiosensor nanomachine (NM), which converts biological or chemical signals into electrical signals, is used. A mathematical model, which describes the constituent’s emigration from the package to food, is programmed in MatLab software. The results show three nanobiosensors forming a WNSN. The nanobiosensors are able to carry out the average concentration for different spots in the package. This monitoring system shows reading percentages in three degrees and different colors: excellent (green), good (cyan), and lacking (red). To confirm the utility of the model, different simulations are performed. Using the WNSNs, results of AA existing in food package (FP) through time were successfully obtained.