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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 9634387, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9634387
Research Article

Gas Classification Using Combined Features Based on a Discriminant Analysis for an Electronic Nose

1Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Dankook University, 126 Jukjeon-dong, Suji-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 448-701, Republic of Korea
2Electrical Engineering, Kookmin University, 861-1, Jeongneung-dong, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-702, Republic of Korea

Received 5 October 2015; Revised 5 February 2016; Accepted 3 March 2016

Academic Editor: Sara Casciati

Copyright © 2016 Sang-Il Choi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper proposes a gas classification method for an electronic nose (e-nose) system, for which combined features that have been configured through discriminant analysis are used. First, each global feature is extracted from the entire measurement section of the data samples, while the same process is applied to the local features of the section that corresponds to the stabilization, exposure, and purge stages. The discriminative information amounts in the individual features are then measured based on the discriminant analysis, and the combined features are subsequently composed by selecting the features that have a large amount of discriminative information. Regarding a variety of volatile organic compound data, the results of the experiment show that, in a noisy environment, the proposed method exhibits classification performance that is relatively excellent compared to the other feature types.