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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1489070, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1489070
Research Article

Temperature Insensitive Strain Sensor with Asymmetrical Cascading Structure Based on Photonic Crystal Fiber in Chemical Corrosion

School of Information Science and Engineering, The Key Laboratory for Special Fiber and Fiber Sensor of Hebei Province, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Guangwei Fu and Weihong Bi

Received 19 July 2017; Revised 7 September 2017; Accepted 11 September 2017; Published 19 November 2017

Academic Editor: Lei Yuan

Copyright © 2017 Guangwei Fu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In this paper, a corroded photonic crystal fiber (PCF) sensor is presented on the basis of core-offset splicing and waist-enlarged fiber taper corroded by hydrofluoric acid (HF). The Mach-Zehnder interference theory is used to analyze the relationship between transmission spectrum and strain. The final results obtained from experiments show that the strain sensor’s sensitivity is about −6.57 pm/με and the linearity is 0.99962 within the range of 0~1000 με, while the sensor is corroded by HF for 35 minutes at room temperature. In the temperature range of 20°C~80°C, the sensor’s sensitivity to temperature is only 1.63 pm/°C, which is insensitive to temperature. Because of its advantage compared to traditional optical fiber sensors, this sensor can avert the cross-sensitive problem when temperature and strain are measured together and has some other advantages including easily fabricated, simple structure and accurate sensitivity. It can be used in many fields, such as industrial production, monitoring, and aerospace.