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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2018, Article ID 3849683, 18 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3849683
Research Article

Electromagnetic Bridge Energy Harvester Utilizing Bridge’s Vibrations and Ambient Wind for Wireless Sensor Node Application

Institute of Mechatronics Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan

Correspondence should be addressed to Farid Ullah Khan; kp.ude.rawahsepteu@nahk_diraf_rd

Received 29 April 2017; Revised 10 October 2017; Accepted 8 November 2017; Published 4 February 2018

Academic Editor: Jesus Corres

Copyright © 2018 Farid Ullah Khan and Muhammad Iqbal. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper presents novel electromagnetic bridge energy harvesters (BEHs) utilizing bridge vibrations and ambient wind surges to power wireless sensor nodes used for bridges’ health monitoring. The developed BEHs are cantilever-type and are comprised of a wound coil, permanent magnet, an airfoil, cantilever beam, and a support. Harvesters are characterized in-lab under different vibration levels and are subjected to variable speed air surges. The harvesters exhibit multiresonant frequencies; prototype I has resonant frequencies of 3.6, 14.9, and 17.6 Hz. However, 7.6, 33, and 45 Hz are the resonant frequencies for prototype II. Under vibration testing, prototype I produced a maximum voltage of 206 mV and an optimum power of 354.51 μW at a frequency of 3.6 Hz and 0.4 acceleration. However, at a frequency of 7.6 Hz and 0.6 acceleration, prototype II showed the capability of generating a maximum voltage of 430 mV and an optimum power of 2214.32 μW. Moreover, when BEHs are characterized under variable speed air surges, prototype I generated a load voltage of 19 mV and a power of 7.84 μW at an air speed of 9 m/s; however, 22 mV and 9.14 μW load voltage and power, respectively, are developed by prototype II at 6 m/s air speed.