Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Skin Cancer
Volume 2011, Article ID 645743, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/645743
Research Article

Incidental Cutaneous Reaction Patterns: Epidermolytic Hyperkeratosis, Acantholytic Dyskeratosis, and Hailey-Hailey-Like Acantholysis: A Potential Marker of Premalignant Skin Change

SaraPath Diagnostics, 2001 Webber Street, Sarasota, FL 34239, USA

Received 8 December 2010; Accepted 28 January 2011

Academic Editor: M. Lebwohl

Copyright © 2011 Erich M. Gaertner. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. Mahaisavariya, P. R. Cohen, and R. P. Rapini, “Incidental epidermolytic hyperkeratosis,” American Journal of Dermatopathology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 23–28, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  2. A. M. Zina, S. Bundino, and M. G. Pippione, “Acrosyringial epidermolytic papulosis neviformis,” Dermatologica, vol. 171, no. 2, pp. 122–125, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  3. A. H. Mehregan, “Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis. Incidental findings in the epidermis and in the intraepidermal eccrine sweat duct units,” Journal of Cutaneous Pathology, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 76–80, 1978. View at Google Scholar
  4. A. C. S. Hutcheson, P. J. Nietert, and J. C. Maize, “Incidental epidermolytic hyperkeratosis and focal acantholytic dyskeratosis in common acquired melanocytic nevi and atypical melanocytic lesions,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 388–390, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. B. T. Williams and R. J. Barr, “Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis in nevi: a possible marker for atypia,” American Journal of Dermatopathology, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 156–158, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. P. A. Conlin and R. P. Rapini, “Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis associated with melanocytic nevi: a report of 53 cases,” American Journal of Dermatopathology, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 23–25, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. C. L. Steele, C. R. Shea, and V. Petronic-Rosic, “Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis within infundibular cysts,” Journal of Cutaneous Pathology, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 360–362, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  8. A. B. Ackerman, “Histopathologic concept of epidermolytic hyperkeratosis,” Archives of Dermatology, vol. 102, no. 3, pp. 253–259, 1970. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. S. J. Lee, Y. Jang, D. Kim, G. Na, and W. Lee, “Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis as an incidental finding in drug-induced acne,” Journal of Dermatology, vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 686–687, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  10. C. L. Steele, C. R. Shea, and V. Petronic-Rosic, “Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis within infundibular cysts,” Journal of Cutaneous Pathology, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 360–362, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  11. Y. Tokura, M. Takigawa, and M. Yamada, “Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis associated with a dilated pore,” Journal of Dermatology, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 286–288, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  12. F. Vakilzadeh and R. Happle, “Epidermolytic leukoplakia,” Journal of Cutaneous Pathology, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 267–270, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  13. L. Requena, C. Schoendorff, and E. Sanchez Yus, “Hereditary epidermolytic palmo-plantar keratoderma (Vorner type)—report of a family and review of the literature,” Clinical and Experimental Dermatology, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 383–388, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  14. F. G. Aloi and A. Molinero, “Nevus comedonicus with epidermolytic hyperkeratosis,” Dermatologica, vol. 174, no. 3, pp. 140–143, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  15. S. Barsky, J. A. Doyle, and R. K. Winkelmann, “Nevus comedonicus with epidermolytic hyperkeratosis. A report of four cases,” Archives of Dermatology, vol. 117, no. 2, pp. 86–88, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. D. K. Goette and N. A. Lapins, “Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis as an incidental finding in normal oral mucosa. Report of two cases,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 10, no. 2, part 1, pp. 246–249, 1984. View at Google Scholar
  17. G. Brodsky, “Focal acantholytic dyskeratosis and epidermolytic hyperkeratosis of the oral mucosa adjacent to squamous cell carcinoma,” Oral Surgery Oral Medicine and Oral Pathology, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 388–393, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  18. T. Sasaki and H. Nakajima, “Incidental epidermolytic hyperkeratosis in progressive systemic sclerosis,” Journal of Dermatology, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 178–179, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  19. C. Urmacher and M. H. Shiu, “Malignant melanoma in association with keratosis palmaris et plantaris (epidermolytic hyperkeratosis variant),” American Journal of Dermatopathology, vol. 7, pp. 187–190, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  20. J. A. Carlson, D. Scott, J. Wharton, and S. Sell, “Incidental histopathologic patterns: possible evidence of 'field cancerization' surrounding skin tumors,” American Journal of Dermatopathology, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 494–496, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. D. J. M. DiMaio and P. R. Cohen, “Incidental focal acantholytic dyskeratosis,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 38, no. 2 I, pp. 243–247, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. R. V. Kolbusz and D. F. Fretzin, “Focal acantholytic dyskeratosis in condyloma acuminata,” Journal of Cutaneous Pathology, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 44–47, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  23. G. Kolde and F. Vakilzadeh, “Leukoplakia of the prepuce with epidermolytic hyperkeratosis: a case report,” Acta Dermato-Venereologica, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 571–573, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  24. P. B. Googe, S. J. Chung, J. Simmons, and R. King, “Giant-sized condyloma of the breast with focal acantholytic changes,” Journal of Cutaneous Pathology, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 319–322, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. G. F. Kao and V. I. Sulica, “Focal acantholytic dyskeratosis occurring in pityriasis rubra pilaris,” American Journal of Dermatopathology, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 172–176, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  26. W. D. Hoover and J. C. Maize, “Focal acantholytic dyskeratosis occurring in pityriasis rubra pilaris,” American Journal of Dermatopathology, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 321–323, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  27. C. B. Tannenbaum, R. C. Billick, and H. Srolovitz, “Multiple cutaneous malignancies in a patient with pityriasis rubra pilaris and focal acantholytic dyskeratosis,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 781–782, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. E. L. Garcia Silva, “Dysqueratose acantolitica focal em verruca seborreica,” Medicina Cutanea Ibero-Latino-Americana, vol. 8, no. 4–6, pp. 125–128, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. G. Rodsky, “Focal acantholyic dyskeratosis and epidermolyic hyperkeratosis of the oral mucosa adjacent to squamous cell carcinoma,” Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology, vol. 59, pp. 388–393, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  30. M. L. Cintra and E. M. de Souza, “Focal acantholytic dyskeratosis: a snare for the pathologist. Report of two cases associated to psoriasis and fibrous papule of the nose,” Revista Paulista de Medicina, vol. 110, no. 5, pp. 237–240, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. J. K. Stern, J. E. Wolf, and T. Rosen, “Focal acantholytic dyskeratosis in pityriasis rosea,” Archives of Dermatology, vol. 115, no. 4, article 497, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  32. M. Grossin and S. Belaich, “Another case of focal acantholyitc dyskeratosis in the anal canal,” American Journal of Dermatopathology, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 194–195, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  33. M. Vazquez Botet and J. L. Sanchez, “Vesiculation of focal acantholytic dyskeratosis in acral lentiginous malignant melanoma,” Journal of Dermatologic Surgery and Oncology, vol. 5, no. 10, pp. 798–800, 1979. View at Google Scholar
  34. Y. E. Sanchez, E. Martin-Dorado, E. Lopez-Negrette et al., “Incidental epidermolytic hyperkeratosis (IEH); an epidemiologic study,” American Journal of Dermatopathology, vol. 22, article 352, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  35. E. Sanchez Yus, L. Requena, P. Simon, and C. Martin de Hijas, “Incidental acantholysis,” Journal of Cutaneous Pathology, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 418–423, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar