Journal of Sports Medicine / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Shoulder Muscle Activation of Novice and Resistance Trained Women during Variations of Dumbbell Press Exercises

Table 3

Mean ± standard deviation activation amplitude across all subjects ( ) for each muscle by exercise phase expressed as a percentage of the mean ensemble averages of the bench press (entire repetition). With the exception of the pectoralis major sternal, concentric activation amplitude was significantly greater than eccentric activation amplitude within each muscle.

ConcentricEccentric
Bench pressIncline pressShoulder pressBench pressIncline pressShoulder press

Upper trapezius * *
Anterior deltoid * *
Pectoralis major sternal
Pectoralis major clavicular *‡ *‡

Significantly greater than bench press.
Significantly greater than bench press and incline press.
Significantly greater than shoulder press.

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