Table 3: Complications of distal biceps cortical button fixation.

Authors PatientsPIN palsyLABC palsySRN palsyInfectionHeterotopic ossificationCortical button problemsWound problemsReruptureRe-op

() Bain et al. [10]101 abscess 6 m postop (drainage)1
() Greenberg et al. [11]113 (transient)1 (wound irritation, resolved spontaneously)
() Spencer Jr. et al. [20]152 (transient)
() Peeters et al. [21]172 (asymptomatic)3 (2 wrong placement cases, 1 disengagement case)11
() Dillon et al. [26]172 (transient)
() Gupta et al. [27]8 (1 bilateral case)
() Banerjee et al. [23]274 (transient)2 (not resolved)2 (persistent)3 (1 severe case, removed twice)1 disengagement case3 (wound healing disorder)13

Total1054 (3.8%)9 (8.6%)2 (1.9%)1 (0.9%)3 (2.9%)4 (3.8%)4 (3.8%)2 (1.9%)5 (4.8%)

PIN: posterior interosseous nerve; LABC: lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve; SRN: superficial radial nerve; Re-op: reoperation studies in Group B are highlighted with bold letters; not included as complication.