Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 149-175

Chemical structures of macrocyclic bis(bibenzyls) isolated from liverworts (Hepaticae)

Yoshinori Asakawa, Masao Toyota, Motoo Tori, and Toshihiro Hashimoto

Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, Yamashiro‒cho, Tokushima 770‒8514, Japan

Copyright © 2000 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Liverworts (Hepaticae) produce a number of macrocyclic bis(bibenzyls) which show interesting biological activity and are of very valuable for the chemosystematic study of liverworts. The structural elucidation of these characteristic natural products are reviewed.