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Spectroscopy
Volume 21, Issue 3, Pages 151-160
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2007/390908

The effect of diabetes mellitus on rat skeletal extensor digitorum longus muscle tissue: An FTIR study

Ozlem Bozkurt,1 Mehmet Dincer Bilgin,2 and Feride Severcan1

1Department of Biology, Middle East Technical University, 06531, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, Turkey

Copyright © 2007 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disorder of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism, which is characterized by a defective insulin secretory response. Skeletal muscle takes role in determination of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, therefore; it is one of the target tissues of diabetes. Herein this study, application of Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy in diabetic skeletal Extensor Digitorum Longus (EDL) muscle tissues will be presented which highlight the promise of this technique in medical research. Type I DM was induced in rats by injection of streptozotocin (STZ) which is one of the most popular experimental models. In diabetes, a significant increase was observed in lipid order together with an increase in hydration of phospholipid molecules in membrane structure. There was a decrease in lipid and nucleic acid content in diabetic EDL muscles. A dramatic increase in the bandwidth of amide II band (1540 cm−1) and shifting of the position of this band to lower frequency values in diabetes was observed indicating structural changes occurring in proteins of diabetic EDL muscles.