The interaction between bovine serum albumin (BSA) and prulifloxacin was investigated by ultraviolet spectrophotometer (UV) and fluorescence spectroscopy in this paper. Two-dimensional (2D) correlation spectroscopy was applied to the analysis of fluorescence spectra. The results of spectroscopic measurements suggested that prulifloxacin (PL) have a strong ability to quench the intrinsic fluorescence of bovine serum albumin through static quenching procedure. Thermodynamic parameter enthalpy changes (ΔH) and entropy changes (ΔS) were calculated. Owing to the spectral resolution enhancement in 2D correlation spectroscopy, the structure change of prulifloxacin can be observed.