Journal of Spectroscopy

Journal of Spectroscopy / 2010 / Article
Special Issue

From Molecule to Tissue: XIII European Conference on the Spectroscopy of Biological Molecules, Palermo, Italy, August 28–September 2, 2009, Part 1 of 2

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Open Access

Volume 24 |Article ID 376095 | 6 pages | https://doi.org/10.3233/SPE-2010-0406

Discrimination between healthy and tumor tissues on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded breast cancer samples using IR imaging

Abstract

This work presents a pilot study to illustrate the potential of Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) imaging in breast cancer research. Using this technique, we have acquired infrared (IR) microspectroscopic images from healthy and cancerous breast tissue section from one patient. First of all, a Student t-test was applied, showing DNA/RNA spectral region (1400–1000 cm−1) as the most discriminant for the differentiation between healthy and tumor samples. Afterwards, a supervised pattern recognition method, Partial Least Squares (PLS) was used to develop an automated classifier to discriminate the two classes of data. Infrared spectra of independent IR measurements were used to test the classifier. The class identity was correlated with information obtained by histopathologic gold standard. The results showed that more than 95% of the training and validation spectra were correctly identified. We demonstrate that combination between IR microspectroscopic imaging and multivariate data analysis can be used as a complement to present diagnostic tools for breast cancer.

Copyright © 2010 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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