Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Spectroscopy
Volume 2013, Article ID 735702, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/735702
Research Article

Cloud Point Extraction for the Determination of Trace Amounts of Cobalt in Water and Food Samples by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shanxi Datong University, Datong 037009, China

Received 29 June 2012; Accepted 11 September 2012

Academic Editor: Yuh-chang Sun

Copyright © 2013 Shangzhi Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. G. Seiler and A. Siegel, Handbook on Metals in Clinical Analytical Chemistry, Marcel Dekker, New York, NY, USA, 1994.
  2. Q. Zhang, H. Minami, S. Inoue, and I. Atsuya, “Determination of ultra-trace amounts of cobalt in seawater by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry after pre-concentration with Ni/8-quinolinol/1-nitroso-2-naphthol complex,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 407, no. 1-2, pp. 147–153, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. N. Baghban, A. M. H. Shabani, S. Dadfarnia, and A. A. Jafari, “Flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination of trace amounts of cobalt after cloud point extraction as 2-[(2-mercaptophenylimino)methyl]phenol complex,” Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 832–838, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. M. M. El-Defrawy, J. Posta, and M. T. Beck, “Elimination of the interfering effects of ligands in the determination of cobalt by atomic absorption spectrometry,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 115, pp. 155–161, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. E. Bárány, I. A. Bergdahl, L. E. Bratteby et al., “Trace element levels in whole blood and serum from Swedish adolescents,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 286, no. 1–3, pp. 129–141, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. S. Rao, T. Balaji, T. P. Rao, Y. Babu, and G. R. K. Naidu, “Determination of iron, cobalt, nickel, manganese, zinc, copper, cadmium and lead in human hair by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry,” Spectrochimica Acta B, vol. 57, no. 8, pp. 1333–1338, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. S. Ribeiro, M. A. Vieira, A. F. Da Silva et al., “Determination of cobalt in biological samples by line-source and high-resolution continuum source graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry using solid sampling or alkaline treatment,” Spectrochimica Acta B, vol. 60, no. 5, pp. 693–698, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Tong, Y. Akama, and S. Tanaka, “Pre-concentration of copper, cobalt and nickel with 3-methyl-1-phenyl-4-stearoyl-5-pyrazolone loaded on silica gel,” Analyst, vol. 115, no. 7, pp. 947–949, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Gupta and S. M. Khopkar, “Solvent extraction separation of cobalt(II) with hexaacetatocalix(6)arene,” Talanta, vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 1493–1496, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. Eskandari, H. S. Ghaziaskar, and A. A. Ensafi, “A sensitive and simple extractive-spectrophotometric method for the determination of microgram amount of cobalt by using α-benzilmonoxime,” Analytical Sciences, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 327–331, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. L. Manzoori, M. H. Sorouradin, and A. M. H. Shabani, “Atomic absorption determination of cobalt after preconcentration by 1-(2-pyridylazo)-2-naphthol immobilized on surfactant-coated alumina,” Microchemical Journal, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 295–301, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Cadore, R. D. Goi, and N. Baccan, “Flame atomic absorption determination of cobalt in water after extraction of its morpholinedithiocarbamate complex,” Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 957–962, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. Čundeva, T. Stafilov, and G. Pavlovska, “Flotation separation of cobalt and copper from fresh waters and their determination by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry,” Microchemical Journal, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 165–175, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. L. Giokas, E. K. Paleologos, S. M. Tzouwara-Karayanni, and M. I. Karayannis, “Single-sample cloud point determination of iron, cobalt and nickel by flow injection analysis flame atomic absorption spectrometry—application to real samples and certified reference materials,” Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 521–526, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. Chen and K. C. Teo, “Determination of cobalt and nickel in water samples by flame atomic absorption spectrometry after cloud point extraction,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 434, no. 2, pp. 325–330, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. L. Manzoori and G. Karim-Nezhad, “Sensitive and simple cloud-point preconcentration atomic absorption spectrometry: application to the determination of cobalt in urine samples,” Analytical Sciences, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 579–583, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. C. Nascentes and M. A. Z. Arruda, “Cloud point formation based on mixed micelles in the presence of electrolytes for cobalt extraction and preconcentration,” Talanta, vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 759–768, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. L. Manzoori and A. Bavili-Tabrizi, “Cloud point preconcentration and flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination of cobalt and nickel in water samples,” Mikrochimica Acta, vol. 141, no. 3-4, pp. 201–207, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. V. A. Lemos, R. S. da França, and B. O. Moreira, “Cloud point extraction for Co and Ni determination in water samples by flame atomic absorption spectrometry,” Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 349–354, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. Ghaedi, A. Shokrollahi, F. Ahmadi, H. R. Rajabi, and M. Soylak, “Cloud point extraction for the determination of copper, nickel and cobalt ions in environmental samples by flame atomic absorption spectrometry,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 150, no. 3, pp. 533–540, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. N. Baghban, A. M. H. Shabani, S. Dadfarnia, and A. A. Jafari, “Flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination of trace amounts of cobalt after cloud point extraction as 2-[(2-mercaptophenylimino)methyl]phenol complex,” Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 832–838, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. N. Dallali, M. M. Zahedi, and Y. Yamini, “Simultaneous cloud point extraction and determination of Zn, Co, Ni and Pb by flame atomic absorption spectrometry, using 2-guanidinobenzimidazole as the complexing agent,” Scientia Iranica, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 291–296, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. D. Citak and M. Tuzen, “A novel preconcentration procedure using cloud point extraction for determination of lead, cobalt and copper in water and food samples using flame atomic absorption spectrometry,” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 1399–1404, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. V. A. Lemos, P. X. Baliza, and J. S. Santos, “Me-BTABr reagent in cloud point extraction for spectrometric determination of copper in water samples,” Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 30–35, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. Afkhami, T. Madrakian, and H. Siampour, “Cloud point extraction spectrophotometric determination of trace quantities of bismuth in urine,” Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 797–802, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. Y. Surme, I. Narin, M. Soylak, H. Yuruk, and M. Dogan, “Cloud point extraction procedure for flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination of lead(II) in sediment and water samples,” Microchimica Acta, vol. 157, no. 3-4, pp. 193–199, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. F. Giné, A. F. Patreze, E. L. Silva, J. E. S. Sarkis, and M. H. Kakazu, “Sequential cloud point extraction of trace elements from biological samples and determination by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry,” Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 471–477, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. de Almeida Bezerra, M. A. Zezzi Arruda, and S. L. C. Ferreira, “Cloud point extraction as a procedure of separation and pre-concentration for metal determination using spectroanalytical techniques: a review,” Applied Spectroscopy Reviews, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 269–299, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. E. K. Paleologos, D. L. Giokas, and M. I. Karayannis, “Micelle-mediated separation and cloud-point extraction,” Trends in Analytical Chemistry, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 426–436, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. F. Silva, E. S. Cerutti, and L. D. Martinez, “Coupling cloud point extraction to instrumental detection systems for metal analysis,” Microchimica Acta, vol. 155, no. 3-4, pp. 349–364, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. J. Rosen, Surfactants and Interfacial Phenomena, Wiley Interscience, New York, NY, USA, 1987.
  32. W. L. Hinze and E. Pramauro, “A Critical review of surfactant-mediated phase separations (cloud-point extractions). Theory and applications,” Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 133–177, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. A. Sanz-Medel, M. D. R. Fernandez De La Campa, E. B. Gonzalez, and M. L. Fernandez-Sanchez, “Organized surfactant assemblies in analytical atomic spectrometry,” Spectrochimica Acta B, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 251–287, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. A. Shokrollahi, M. Ghaedi, O. Hossaini, N. Khanjari, and M. Soylak, “Cloud point extraction and flame atomic absorption spectrometry combination for copper(II) ion in environmental and biological samples,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 160, no. 2-3, pp. 435–440, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. M. Ghaedi, A. Shokrollahi, K. Niknam, E. Niknam, A. Najibi, and M. Soylak, “Cloud point extraction and flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination of cadmium(II), lead(II), palladium(II) and silver(I) in environmental samples,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 168, no. 2-3, pp. 1022–1027, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. S. A. M. Fathi and M. R. Yaftian, “Cloud point extraction and flame atomic absorption spectrometry determination of trace amounts of copper(II) ions in water samples,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 334, no. 2, pp. 167–170, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. M. Ghaedi, A. Shokrollahi, R. Mehrnoosh, O. Hossaini, and M. Soylak, “Combination of cloud point extraction and flame atomic absorption spectrometry for preconcentration and determination of trace iron in environmental and biological samples,” Central European Journal of Chemistry, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 488–496, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. L. Xu, Z. Y. Hu, Y. W. Liu, S. M. Meng, and J. L. Wang, “Synthesis of 4-methoxy-2-sulfo-benzenediazoaminoazo-benzene(MOSDAA) and its colour reaction with mercury(III),” Chinese Journal of Spectroscopy Laboratory, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 319–322, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  39. M. E. F. Laespada, J. L. P. Pavón, and B. M. Cordero, “Micelle-mediated methodology for the preconcentration of uranium prior to its determination by flow injection,” The Analyst, vol. 118, no. 2, pp. 209–212, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. R. P. Frankewich and W. L. Hinze, “Evaluation and optimization of the factors affecting nonionic surfactant-mediated phase separations,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 66, no. 7, pp. 944–954, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. A. Safavi, H. Abdollahi, M. R. H. Nezhad, and R. Kamali, “Cloud point extraction, preconcentration and simultaneous spectrophotometric determination of nickel and cobalt in water samples,” Spectrochimica Acta A, vol. 60, no. 12, pp. 2897–2901, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus