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Journal of Spectroscopy
Volume 2016, Article ID 1081674, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1081674
Research Article

Quantitative Estimating Salt Content of Saline Soil Using Laboratory Hyperspectral Data Treated by Fractional Derivative

1College of Resources and Environment Science, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, China
2Key Laboratory of Oasis Ecology, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, China

Received 27 June 2016; Accepted 14 September 2016

Academic Editor: Petre Makreski

Copyright © 2016 Dong Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Most present researches on estimation of soil salinity by hyperspectral data have focused on the spectral reflectance or their integer derivatives but ignored the fractional derivative information of hyperspectral data. Motivated by this situation, the selected study area is the Ebinur Lake basin located in the southwest border in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, with severe salinization. The field work was conducted from 15 to 25 October, 2014, and a total of 180 soil samples were collected from 45 sampling sites; after measuring the soil salt content and spectral reflectance in the laboratory, the range from 0 to 2 was divided into 11 orders (interval 0.2) and then the hyperspectral data were treated by 4 kinds of mathematical transformations and 11 orders of fractional derivatives. Combined with the soil salt content, partial least square regression method was applied for model calibrations and predictions and some indexes were used to evaluate the performance of models. The results showed that the retrieval model built up by 250 bands based on 1.2-order derivative of 1/ had excellent capacity of estimating soil salt content in the study area ( g/kg,  g/kg, , , and RPD = 2.080). This study provides an application reference for quantitative estimations of other land surface parameters and some other applications on hyperspectral technology.