Table 3: XPS surface composition of ZnO, Zn(OH)2, Zn5(OH)8Cl2·H2O, ZnCO3, and Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6 powders prepared by the precipitation method and shares of oxygen and zinc bonds.

CompoundThe share of oxygen bonds with regard to total oxygenAtomic composition (at.%)The share of zinc in the oxygen bonds (at.%)
O(2−)CO3OHH2OOZnCl–OH‒O‒CO3/‒Cl

ZnO0.830.1750.149.94.341.6
Zn(OH)20.100.9064.235.828.96.4
Zn5(OH)8Cl2·H2O0.110.870.0254.835.210.023.86.05.0
ZnCO31.0019.661.818.618.6
Zn5(OH)6(CO3)20.050.480.489.8062.128.114.73.19.8