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Journal of Spectroscopy
Volume 2018, Article ID 5326456, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5326456
Research Article

Catalytic Activity of a Bifunctional Catalyst for Hydrotreatment of Jatropha curcas L. Seed Oil

1Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Centro de Investigación en Biotecnología Aplicada, 90700 Tepetitla de Lardizabal, Tlaxcala, Mexico
2Universidad Politécnica de Tlaxcala, Av. Universidad Politécnica No. 1, San Pedro Xalcaltzinco, 90180 Tepeyanco, Tlaxcala, Mexico
3Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala, Laboratorio de Biotecnología, Centro de Investigación en Ciencias Biológicas, 90120 Tlaxcala, Mexico
4Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Centro de Desarrollo de Productos Bióticos, 62731 Yautepec Morelos, Mexico

Correspondence should be addressed to J. García-Dávila; xm.ude.xaltpu@aicrag.egroj and A. L. Martínez-Ayala; xm.npi@alayala

Received 12 October 2017; Accepted 6 February 2018; Published 23 April 2018

Academic Editor: Binoy K. Saikia

Copyright © 2018 J. García-Dávila et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The hydrotreating process of vegetable oils (HPVO) involves the transformation of vegetable oil triglycerides into straight chain alkanes, which are carried out by deoxygenation reactions, generating multiple hydrocarbon compounds, cuts similar to heavy vacuum oil. The HPVO is applied to Jatropha curcas oil on USY zeolite supported with gamma alumina and platinum deposition on the catalytic as hydrogenation component. The acid of additional activity of the supports allows the development of catalytic routes that the intervention of catalytic centers of different nature reaches the desired product. The products of the hydrotreating reaction with Jatropha curcas seed oil triglycerides were identified by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and by mass spectroscopy to identify and analyze the generated intermediate and final hydrocarbon compounds.