Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Toxicology
Volume 2011, Article ID 136104, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/136104
Research Article

Toxicity of Metals to a Freshwater Ostracod: Stenocypris major

School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, National University of Malaysia (UKM), 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Received 24 December 2010; Accepted 18 February 2011

Academic Editor: Hisato Iwata

Copyright © 2011 Mohammad Shuhaimi-Othman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. N. Luoma and P. S. Rainbow, Metal Contamination in Aquatic Environment. Science and Lateral Management, Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, USA, 2008.
  2. N. A. M. Shazili, K. Yunus, A. S. Ahmad, N. Abdullah, and M. K. A. Rashid, “Heavy metal pollution status in the Malaysian aquatic environment,” Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 137–145, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. DOE, “Malaysia Environment Quality Report 2008,” Department of Environment, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Malaysia. ISSN 0127-6433, 2009.
  4. W. J. Adams and C. D. Rowland, “Aquatic toxicology test methods,” in Handbook of Ecotoxicology, D. J. Hoffman, B. A. Rattner, G. A. Burton Jr., and J. Cairns Jr., Eds., Lewis Publisher, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 2nd edition, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  5. R. Victor and C. H. Fernando, An Illustrated Key to the Freshwater Ostracod Genera of the Oriental Region, vol. 23, University of Waterloo Biology Series, 1981.
  6. R. Victor, “Crustacea: ostracoda,” in Freshwater Invertebrates of the Malaysian Region, C. M. Yule and Y. H. Sen, Eds., pp. 225–253, Academy of Science, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  7. L. Pérez, J. Lorenschat, M. Brenner, B. Scharf, and A. Schwalb, “Extant freshwater ostracodes (Crustacea: Ostracoda) from Lago Petén Itzá, Guatemala,” Revista de Biologia Tropical, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 871–895, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  8. A. Pascual, J. Rodriguez-Lazaro, O. Weber, and J. M. Jouanneau, “Late Holocene pollution in the Gernika estuary (southern Bay of Biscay) evidenced by the study of Foraminifera and Ostracoda,” Hydrobiologia, vol. 475-476, pp. 477–491, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. Chial and G. Persoone, “Cyst-based toxicity tests XIV—application of the ostracod solid-phase microbiotest for toxicity monitoring of river sediments in Flanders (Belgium),” Environmental Toxicology, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 533–537, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  10. B. S. Khangarot and S. Das, “Acute toxicity of metals and reference toxicants to a freshwater ostracod, Cypris subglobosa Sowerby, 1840 and correlation to EC50 values of other test models,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 172, no. 2-3, pp. 641–649, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  11. F. Ruiz, M. L. González-Regalado, J. Borrego, M. Abad, and J. G. Pendón, “Ostracoda and foraminifera as short-term tracers of environmental changes in very polluted areas: the Odiel Estuary (SW Spain),” Environmental Pollution, vol. 129, no. 1, pp. 49–61, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. B. S. Khangarot and P. K. Ray, “Response of a freshwater ostracod (Cypris subglobosa Sowerby) exposed to copper at different pH levels,” Acta Hydrochimica et Hydrobiologica, vol. 15, pp. 553–558, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  13. F. Sánchez-Bayo and K. Goka, “Influence of light in acute toxicity bioassays of imidacloprid and zinc pyrithione to zooplankton crustaceans,” Aquatic Toxicology, vol. 78, no. 3, pp. 262–271, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  14. APHA (American Public Health Association), Standard Method for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, USA, 18th edition, 1992.
  15. J. D. Cooney, “Freshwater test,” in Fundamental of Aquatic Toxicology: Effects, Environmental fate and Risk Assessment, G. M. Rand, Ed., pp. 71–102, Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 2nd edition, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  16. T. J. Lichfield, “A method for the rapid graphic solution of time-percentage effect curves,” Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, vol. 97, pp. 399–408, 1949. View at Google Scholar
  17. T. J. Lichfield and F. Wilcoxon, “A simplified method of evaluating dose-effect experiments,” Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, vol. 96, pp. 99–113, 1949. View at Google Scholar
  18. M. B. Arambašić, S. Bjelić, and G. Subakov, “Acute toxicity of heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Zn), phenol and sodium on Allium cepa, Lepidium sativum and Daphnia magna: comparative investigations and the practical applications,” Water Research, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 497–503, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. G. J. Bacher and T. A. O’Brien, “The sensitivity of Australian freshwater aquatic organisms to heavy metals,” Scientific Series Report 88/18, Victorian Environmental Protection Authority, Victoria, Australia, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  20. M. Shuhaimi-Othman and D. Pascoe, “Acute toxicity of copper, zinc and cadmium to the freshwater amphipod Hyalella azteca,” Malaysian Applied Biology, vol. 30, no. 1-2, pp. 1–8, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  21. R. D. Judy, “The acute toxicity of copper to Gammarus fasciatus, a freshwater amphipod,” Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 21, no. 1-2, pp. 219–224, 1979. View at Google Scholar
  22. J. L. T. Pestana, A. Ré, A. J. A. Nogueira, and A. M. V. M. Soares, “Effects of Cadmium and Zinc on the feeding behaviour of two freshwater crustaceans: Atyaephyra desmarestii (Decapoda) and Echinogammarus meridionalis (Amphipoda),” Chemosphere, vol. 68, no. 8, pp. 1556–1562, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  23. B. C. Suedel, J. H. Rodgers, and E. Deaver, “Experimental factors that may affect toxicity of cadmium to freshwater organisms,” Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 188–193, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. V. Felten, G. Charmantier, R. Mons et al., “Physiological and behavioural responses of Gammarus pulex (Crustacea: amphipoda) exposed to cadmium,” Aquatic Toxicology, vol. 86, no. 3, pp. 413–425, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  25. G. L. Mackie, “Tolerances of five benthic invertebrates to hydrogen ions and metals (Cd, Pb, Al),” Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 18, no. 1-2, pp. 215–223, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. B. S. Khangarot and P. K. Ray, “Investigation of correlation between physicochemical properties of metals and their toxicity to the water flea Daphnia magna Straus,” Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 109–120, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  27. D. J. Fort and E. L. Stover, “Impact of toxicities and potential interactions of flocculants and coagulant aids on whole effluent toxicity testing,” Water Environment Research, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 921–925, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. W. J. Birge, J. A. Black, A. G. Westerman et al., Recommendations on Numerical Values for Regulating Iron and Chloride Concentrations for the Purpose of Protecting Warmwater Species of Aquatic Life in the Commonwealth of Kentucky Source, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA, 1985.
  29. P. C. Von Der Ohe and M. Liess, “Relative sensitivity distribution of aquatic invertebrates to organic and metal compounds,” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 150–156, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. C. P. McCahon and D. Pascoe, “Use of Gammarus pulex (L.) in safety evaluation tests: culture and selection of a sensitive life stage,” Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 245–252, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  31. M. Ebrahimpour, H. Alipour, and S. Rakhshah, “Influence of water hardness on acute toxicity of copper and zinc on fish,” Toxicology and Industrial Health, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 361–365, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  32. K. R. Timmermans, W. Peeters, and M. Tonkes, “Cadmium, zinc, lead and copper in Chironomus riparius (Meigen) larvae (Diptera, Chironomidae): uptake and effects,” Hydrobiologia, vol. 241, no. 2, pp. 119–134, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  33. M. Shuhaimi-Othman and D. Pascoe, “Bioconcentration and depuration of copper, cadmium, and zinc mixtures by the freshwater amphipod Hyalella azteca,” Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 29–35, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  34. P. S. Rainbow and W. H. Black, “Cadmium, zinc and the uptake of calcium by two crabs, Carcinus maenas and Eriocheir sinensis,” Aquatic Toxicology, vol. 72, no. 1-2, pp. 45–65, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  35. K. Vijayram and P. Geraldine, “Are the heavy metals cadmium and zinc regulated in freshwater prawns?” Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 180–183, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  36. U. Borgmann, W. P. Norwood, and C. Clarke, “Accumulation, regulation and toxicity of copper, zinc, lead and mercury in Hyalella azteca,” Hydrobiologia, vol. 259, no. 2, pp. 79–89, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  37. G. Krantzberg and P. M. Stokes, “Metal regulation, tolerance, and body burdens in the larvae of the genus Chironomus,” Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 389–398, 1989. View at Google Scholar