- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Journal of Toxicology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 356126, 6 pages
Genetic Variations of Glutathione S-Transferase Influence on Blood Cadmium Concentration
1Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
2Health Office, Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand, Nonthaburi 11130, Thailand
3Excellence Service Center For Medical Technology and Quality Improvement, Faculty of Medical Technology, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700, Thailand
4Office of Research Academic and Innovation, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
5Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
6Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
Received 13 October 2011; Accepted 16 November 2011
Academic Editor: J. J. Stegeman
Copyright © 2012 Nitchaphat Khansakorn et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- C. D. Klaassen, Ed., Casarett and Doull's Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 7th edition, 2008.
- M. Valko, H. Morris, and M. T. D. Cronin, “Metals, toxicity and oxidative stress,” Current Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 1161–1208, 2005.
- C. D. Klaassen, J. Liu, and S. Choudhuri, “Metallothionein: an intracellular protein to protect against cadmium toxicity,” Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology, vol. 39, pp. 267–294, 1999.
- T. Jin, J. Lu, and M. Nordberg, “Toxicokinetics and biochemistry of cadmium with special emphasis on the role of metallothionein,” NeuroToxicology, vol. 19, no. 4-5, pp. 529–536, 1998.
- A. Rossini, D. C. M. Rapozo, L. M. F. Amorim et al., “Frequencies of GSTM1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 polymorphisms in a Brazilian population,” Genetics and Molecular Research, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 233–240, 2002.
- N. Ballatori, “Transport of toxic metals by molecular mimicry,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 110, no. 5, pp. 689–694, 2002.
- R. C. Strange, P. W. Jones, and A. A. Fryer, “Glutathione S-transferase: genetics and role in toxicology,” Toxicology Letters, vol. 112-113, pp. 357–363, 2000.
- H. Autrup, “Genetic polymorphisms in human xenobiotica metabolizing enzymes as susceptibility factors in toxic response,” Mutation Research, vol. 464, no. 1, pp. 65–76, 2000.
- C. Gundacker, G. Komarnicki, P. Jagiello et al., “Glutathione-S-transferase polymorphism, metallothionein expression, and mercury levels among students in Austria,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 385, no. 1–3, pp. 37–47, 2007.
- H. B. Ketelslegers, R. W. H. Gottschalk, G. Koppen et al., “Multiplex genotyping as a biomarker for susceptibility to carcinogenic exposure in the FLEHS biomonitoring study,” Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 1902–1912, 2008.
- P. Sritara, S. Cheepudomwit, N. Chapman et al., “Twelve-year changes in vascular risk factors and their associations with mortality in a cohort of 3499 Thais: The Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand study,” International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 461–468, 2003.
- K. S. Subramanian and J. C. Meranger, “A rapid electrothermal atomic absorption spectrophotometric method for cadmium and lead in human whole blood,” Clinical Chemistry, vol. 27, no. 11, pp. 1866–1871, 1981.
- S. A. Miller, D. D. Dykes, and H. F. Polesky, “A simple salting out procedure for extracting DNA from human nucleated cells,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 16, no. 3, p. 1215, 1988.
- B. R. Packer, M. Yeager, B. Staats et al., “SNP500Cancer: a public resource for sequence validation and assay development for genetic variation in candidate genes,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 32, no. Database Issue, pp. D528–D32, 2004.
- J. Sirivarasai, S. Kaojaren, W. Wananukul, and P. Srisomerang, “Non-occupational determinants of cadmium and lead in blood and urine among a general population in Thailand,” The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 180–187, 2002.
- A. Batáriová, V. Spěváčková, B. Beneš, M. Čejchanová, J. Šmíd, and M. Černá, “Blood and urine levels of Pb, Cd and Hg in the general population of the Czech Republic and proposed reference values,” International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, vol. 209, no. 4, pp. 359–366, 2006.
- O. Cekic, “Effect of cigarette smoking on copper, lead, and cadmium accumulation in human lens,” British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 82, no. 2, pp. 186–188, 1998.
- L. Farzin, M. Amiri, H. Shams, M. A. Ahmadi Faghih, and M. E. Moassesi, “Blood levels of lead, cadmium, and mercury in residents of Tehran,” Biological Trace Element Research, vol. 123, no. 1–3, pp. 14–26, 2008.
- N. S. Kim and B. K. Lee, “National estimates of blood lead, cadmium, and mercury levels in the Korean general adult population,” International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 53–63, 2011.
- S. Pakakasama, E. Mukda, W. Sasanakul et al., “Polymorphisms of drug-metabolizing enzymes and risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia,” American Journal of Hematology, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 202–205, 2005.
- P. Pisani, P. Srivatanakul, J. Randerson-Moor et al., “GSTM1 and CYP1A1 polymorphisms, tobacco, air pollution, and lung cancer: a study in rural Thailand,” Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 667–674, 2006.
- J. Gatedee, S. Pakakassama, S. Muangman, and W. Pongstaporn, “Glutathione S-transferase P1 genotypes, genetic susceptibility and outcome of therapy in thai childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia,” Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 294–296, 2007.
- J. D. Hayes and R. C. Strange, “Glutathione S-transferase polymorphisms and their biological consequences,” Pharmacology, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 154–166, 2000.
- K. S. Engström, U. Strömberg, T. Lundh et al., “Genetic variation in glutathione-related genes and body burden of methylmercury,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 116, no. 6, pp. 734–739, 2008.
- H. M. Custodio, K. Broberg, M. Wennberg et al., “Polymorphisms in glutathione-related genes affect methylmercury retention,” Archives of Environmental Health, vol. 59, no. 11, pp. 588–595, 2004.
- M. Dušinská, A. Ficek, A. Horská et al., “Glutathione S-transferase polymorphisms influence the level of oxidative DNA damage and antioxidant protection in humans,” Mutation Research, vol. 482, no. 1-2, pp. 47–55, 2001.