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Journal of Tropical Medicine
Volume 2009, Article ID 734712, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/734712
Clinical Study

Economic Burden of Drug Use in Patients with Acute Burns: Experience in a Developing Country

1Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, 240001 Ilorin, Nigeria
2Division of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, 240001 Ilorin, Nigeria

Received 29 November 2008; Revised 22 April 2009; Accepted 9 June 2009

Academic Editor: Blaise Genton

Copyright © 2009 Kolawole Olubunmi Ogundipe et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background/Objective. Burn injury is a devastating injury. The economic drain on the patient's purse is equally devastating. Few studies have examined the cost of managing burn patients particularly the drug component. Methods. The financial implication of drug use in the management of 69 consecutive patients admitted by the burn unit over a period of two years was retrospectively analysed. Results. Thirty-six (52.2%) patients were males and 33 (47.8%) females with a mean age of 17.9 years ( S D = 1 8 . 4 ). The patients spent an average sum of $91.21 to procure drugs; 84.3% of the costs were for antibiotics, 11.1% for analgesics, and 4.6% for others. Conclusion. Significant amount of money is spent on the procurement of drugs. Most of the money is spent on prescribed antibiotics. Measures that reduce antibiotics use in burn management might relief patients of the huge economic burden associated with its use.