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Journal of Tropical Medicine
Volume 2011, Article ID 690286, 6 pages
Research Article

Specific Viruses Detected in Nigerian Children in Association with Acute Respiratory Disease

1Viral Infections Unit, Department of Vaccination and Immune Protection, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Helsinki, Finland
2Intestinal Viruses Unit, Department of Infectious Disease Surveillance and Control, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Helsinki, Finland
3Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Obafemi Awolowo College of Health Science, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Shagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria
4Department of Virology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

Received 23 March 2011; Revised 14 May 2011; Accepted 6 July 2011

Academic Editor: Lawrence Okoror

Copyright © 2011 Oluwabukola M. Akinloye et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Occurrence of different viruses in acute respiratory tract infections of Nigerian children was examined. Respiratory swabs were collected from 246 children referred to hospital clinics because of acute respiratory symptoms from February through May 2009. Validated real-time RT-PCR techniques revealed nucleic acids of at least one virus group in 189 specimens (77%). Human rhinoviruses and parainfluenza viruses were present each in one third of the children. Adenoviruses, enteroviruses, human metapneumovirus, human bocavirus, and influenza C virus were also relatively common. Possibly due to their seasonal occurrence, influenza A and B virus, and respiratory syncytial virus were detected rarely. We conclude that all major groups of respiratory tract viruses are causing illness in Nigerian children.