Journal of Tropical Medicine / 2011 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Toolkit for Monitoring and Evaluation of Indoor Residual Spraying for Visceral Leishmaniasis Control in the Indian Subcontinent: Application and Results

Table 2

Findings of process indicators: observation of spraying squad at community level.

StatementsSamastipur, Muzaffarpur, Vaishali
(India)
Sunsari, Morang, Saptari
(Nepal)
Sarlahi, Dhanusa, Mahottari
(Nepal)
Fulbaria
(Bangladesh)
Trishal
(Bangladesh)
(%) (%) (%) (%) (%)

Number of spraying squads observed5131112120120
General condition of the pump
 (i) no leakage present39 (76.5%)31 (100%)112 (100%)120 (100%)120 (100%)
 (ii) pressure gauze presentNot applicable0 (0.00%)50 (44.6%)120 (100%)0 (0.00%)
Adequate filling of the pump0 (0.00%)31 (100%)112 (100%)120 (100%)120 (100%)
Proper mixing insecticide was done15 (29.4%)31 (100%)111 (99.1%)120 (100%)120 (100%)
Proper distance of nozzle from surface maintained (ideally 45 cm from the surface)25 (49.0%)0 (0.00%)112 (100%)97 (80.8%)77 (64.2%)
Proper spray swath (ideal width 65–70 cm)30 (58.8%)0 (0.00%)112 (100%)120 (100%)78 (31.7%)
Marking of sprayed houses (stencils)
 (i) spray cycle (mentioned)51 (100%)0 (0.00%)112 (100%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)
 (ii) group number (mentioned)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)94 (83.9%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)
 (iii) team number (mentioned)51 (100%)0 (0.00%)94 (83.9%)120 (100%)120 (100%)
 (iv) spray man number (mentioned)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)94 (83.9%)120 (100%)120 (100%)
 (v) number or rooms sprayed0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)94 (83.9%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)
 (vi) name of the insecticide sprayed51 (100%) 0 (0.00%)94 (83.9%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)
 (vii) number of charges applied0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)94 (83.9%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)
 (viii) date of spray  (dd/mm/yy-mentioned)51 (100%)0 (0.00%)112 (100%)120 (100%)120 (100%)
Use of safety measures:
 (i) masks0 (0.00%)1 (33.3%)112 (100%)105 (87.5%)111 (92.5%)
 (ii) gloves0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)58 (51.8%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)
 (iii) coat/apron0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)37 (33%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)
 (iv) caps0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)51 (45.9%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)
 (v) boots0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)49 (44.1%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)
 (vi) goggles0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)10 (9%)56 (46.7%)111 (92.5%)
Supervisor was present during spraying51 (100%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)53 (44.2%)120 (100%)
Instruction given to the households
 (i) to stay outside during spraying100 (100%)31 (100%)112 (100%)120 (100%)120 (100%)
 (ii) to prepare the room before  spraying100 (100%)31 (100%)112 (100.0)120 (100%)120 (100%)
How were the leftover insecticide handled
 (i) buried0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)112 (100%)43 (35.8%)9 (7.5%)
 (ii) poured into nearby water0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)108 (90%)
 (iii) keep it for future use0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)
 (iv) no left over51 (100%)31 (100%)*0 (0.00%)77 (64.2%)3 (2.5%)
How insecticide pouch and sacks disposed
 (i) buried0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)112 (100%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)
 (ii) thrown nearby water0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)
 (iii) kept for future use0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)
 (iv) no left over6 (1.4%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)
 (v) squad leader took to  UHC/PHC/supervisor45 (88.2%)31 (100%)0 (0.00%)120 (100%)120 (100%)

*Used for partial spray of unsprayed house.

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