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Journal of Tropical Medicine
Volume 2011, Article ID 891342, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/891342
Review Article

Low- and High-Tech Approaches to Control Plasmodium Parasite Transmission by Anopheles Mosquitoes

W. Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA

Received 3 April 2011; Accepted 8 June 2011

Academic Editor: Thomas R. Unnasch

Copyright © 2011 Chris M. Cirimotich et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Current efforts have proven inadequate to stop the transmission of Plasmodium parasites, and hence the spread of malaria, by Anopheles mosquitoes. Therefore, a novel arsenal of strategies for inhibiting Plasmodium infection of mosquitoes is urgently needed. In this paper, we summarize research on two approaches to malaria control, a low-tech strategy based on parasite inhibition by the mosquito's natural microflora, and a high-tech strategy using genetic modification of mosquitoes that renders them resistant to infection and discuss advantages and disadvantages for both approaches.