Journal of Tropical Medicine / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Cytokine and Phenotypic Cell Profiles of Leishmania infantum Infection in the Dog

Table 1

Frequencies of cytokine and iNOS expressions determined by reverse transcriptase PCR in 12 asymptomatic dogs (with high parasite load in viscera) infected with L. infantum amastigotes, six months postinfection.

Tissue/organINF- 𝛾 (%)TGF- 𝛽 (%)TNF- 𝛼 (%)IL-10 (%)iNOS (%)

Peripheral blood091.6666.6600
Lymph node036.3654.5481.8136.36
Bone marrow2566.6641.6610075

INF-γ: interferon-gamma; TGF- 𝛽 : transforming growth factor-beta; TNF- 𝛼 : tumour necrosis factor-alpha; IL-10: interleukin-10; iNOS: inducible nitric oxide synthetase.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.