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Journal of Tropical Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 324140, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/324140
Research Article

Is the Dog a Possible Reservoir for Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Suriname?

1Anton de Kom University of Suriname, Paramaribo, Suriname
2Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kernkampweg 5, Paramaribo, Suriname
3Veterinary Clinic Eerste Rijweg, Paramaribo, Suriname
4Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam 1105 AZ, The Netherlands

Received 10 August 2013; Accepted 15 September 2013

Academic Editor: Aditya Prasad Dash

Copyright © 2013 Alida Kent et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is an emerging disease in Suriname, with at least 200 cases per year. Little is known about the biology of CL in the country. The most important parasite species is Leishmania Viannia guyanensis, but possible vectors and reservoirs are hardly incriminated. In the present study, it was investigated whether the dog could possibly be a zoonotic reservoir for the disease in Suriname. Forty-seven dogs were examined for overt clinical signs of leishmaniasis, and blood samples were collected on filter paper for serology (direct agglutination test) and molecular biology (by polymerase chain reaction). Three dogs had clinical signs that could be compatible with canine cutaneous leishmaniosis: dermatitis (two) or nasal lesion (one). Two dogs were seropositive with DAT (titre > 1 : 1600), and three animals had a borderline titre (1 : 800). All other animals ( ) were DAT negative. PCR analysis found Leishmania DNA equivalent to 1 parasite per mL in only one dog at a first round of analysis, but this animal was negative after retesting. The clinical, serological, and molecular data show some preliminary lines of evidence that canine leishmaniosis is present in Suriname, but further studies are needed to incriminate the reservoir, including a possible sylvatic cycle.