Journal of Tropical Medicine / 2013 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Among Paraguayan Communities, Patients, and Health Professionals

Table 4

Crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% CI and adjusted Wald values of factors affecting acceptance of public health interventions.

Risk factorCrude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR* (95% CI)

Insecticide treated bed nets

Location
 Urban11
 Peri-urban0.39 (0.16–0.97)0.29 (0.12–0.68)
 Rural0.87 (0.44–1.72)0.72 (0.38–1.39)
Income
1 minimum salary11
 1+ minimum salary0.45 (0.21–0.95)0.39 (0.18–0.82)
 No fixed income0.75 (0.46–1.21)0.79 (0.48–1.29)

Insecticide treated dog collars

Income
1 minimum salary11
 1+ minimum salary0.39 (0.21–0.77)0.34 (0.17–0.67)
 No fixed income0.77 (0.50–1.17)0.84 (0.52–1.35)
Education
 No education and primary school11
 Secondary school1.49 (1.07–2.08)1.65 (1.152.37)
 University2.24 (0.97–5.18)2.56 (1.096.01)

Environmental clean-up

Age
 14–24 years11
 25–34 years0.86 (0.41–1.79)0.82 (0.43–1.58)
 35–44 years0.79 (0.42–1.47)0.83 (0.39–1.74)
 45–59 years0.58 (0.31–1.05)0.54 (0.26–1.09)
 60+0.36 (0.17–0.75)0.34 (0.13–0.84)
Location
 Urban11
 Peri-urban1.93 (0.72–5.15)1.82 (0.72–4.62)
 Rural2.14 (1.14–3.98)2.11 (1.123.98)

Indoor residual spraying

Income
1 minimum salary11
 1+ minimum salary0.94 (0.53–1.67)0.93 (0.54–1.59)
 No fixed income0.50 (0.34–0.75)0.51 (0.34–0.77)

 *Each adjusted for the other exposure variables: age, income, sex, house location, education.

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