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Journal of Tropical Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 740479, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/740479
Research Article

Prevalence of Brucellosis among Women Presenting with Abortion/Stillbirth in Huye, Rwanda

1College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Huye Campus, P.O. Box 56, Butare, Rwanda
2Veterinarians without Borders-Belgium, P.O. Box 35, Butare, Huye, Rwanda
3UCL, Louvain Cooperation au Développement, Avenue Mugamba 35, P.O. Box 2076, Rohero II, Bujumbura, Burundi

Received 19 February 2014; Accepted 12 June 2014; Published 29 June 2014

Academic Editor: Aditya Prasad Dash

Copyright © 2014 Nadine Rujeni and Léonidas Mbanzamihigo. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The incidence of human brucellosis is not documented in Rwanda despite several reports on the disease in cattle. Because brucellosis has been associated with abortion, the aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of positive serology in women presenting with abortion and/or stillbirth. The study was done in Huye District, in the Southern Province of Rwanda, and the patients were recruited from both the University Teaching Hospital of Butare (CHUB) and Kabutare District Hospital. Serum samples were collected and the Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT) was performed on each sample. A questionnaire was also used to investigate potential contacts with animals and/or consumption of raw milk. A total of 60 women were recruited and 15 (i.e., 25%) were Brucella seropositive. The questionnaire showed that those with seropositivity either were in contact with domestic animals (cattle, goat, or sheep) or were consuming raw cow’s milk. Human brucellosis appears to be of public health importance in Rwanda and more attention should be drawn on the disease. The current study provides a basis for larger studies to establish the incidence of human brucellosis in Rwanda. More mechanistic studies will also demonstrate the pathogenicity of Brucella in human placentas.