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Journal of Tropical Medicine
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 349439, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/349439
Research Article

Prevalence and Pattern of Soil-Transmitted Helminthic Infection among Primary School Children in a Rural Community in Imo State, Nigeria

1Department of Paediatrics, Imo State University Teaching Hospital, P.O. Box 1644, Orlu, Imo State, Nigeria
2Department of Paediatrics, Federal Medical Centre, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
3Department of Paediatrics, University of Jos Teaching Hospital, Plateau State, Nigeria

Received 26 June 2015; Accepted 31 August 2015

Academic Editor: Kenneth E. Olson

Copyright © 2015 Kelechi Kenneth Odinaka et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Soil-transmitted helminthic infection is a common public health challenge of primary school children in resource challenged and developing countries. Our aim was to determine the prevalence and pattern of soil-transmitted helminthic infection among primary school children in a rural community in Imo State, Nigeria. Method. The study involved a cross-sectional survey of 284 primary school children in a rural community. Results. The overall prevalence of soil-transmitted helminthic infection (STHI) was 30.3%. Of all STHIs, hookworm was the commonest geohelminth observed, 81 (94.2%). The prevalence of soil-transmitted helminthic infection was more in males, 58 (38.4%), than in females, 28 (21.1%). This difference was statistically significant (). Conclusion. The high prevalence rate of soil-transmitted helminthic infection amongst the study population is worrisome. There is need for organized and routine deworming among school children in the community.