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Journal of Tropical Medicine
Volume 2017, Article ID 3452513, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3452513
Research Article

The Burden and Trend of Blood-Borne Pathogens among Asymptomatic Adult Population in Akwatia: A Retrospective Study at the St. Dominic Hospital, Ghana

1Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, School of Allied Health Sciences, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana
2Laboratory Department, St. Dominic Hospital, Akwatia, Eastern Region, Ghana
3School of Allied Health Sciences, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana
4Department of Health Information Management, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Central Region, Ghana
5Laboratory Department, Ada East District Hospital, Ghana Health Service, Ada, Greater Accra Region, Ghana
6Clinical Biochemistry Unit, Laboratory Department, Volta Regional Hospital, Ghana Health Service, Ho, Volta Region, Ghana

Correspondence should be addressed to Sylvester Yao Lokpo; moc.liamg@43oayretsevlys

Received 10 July 2017; Revised 7 September 2017; Accepted 18 September 2017; Published 18 October 2017

Academic Editor: Jean-Paul J. Gonzalez

Copyright © 2017 Sylvester Yao Lokpo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. This study was aimed at evaluating the seroprevalence and trend of blood-borne pathogens (HIV, HCV, HBV, and Syphilis) among asymptomatic adults at Akwatia during a four-year period (2013–2016). Materials and Methods. The study was a retrospective analysis of secondary data of blood donors who visited the hospital from January 2013 to December 2016. Archival data from 11,436 prospective donors was extracted. Data included age, sex, and place of residence as well as results of infectious markers (HIV, HBV, HCV, and Syphilis). Results. The prevalence of blood-borne pathogens in the donor population was 4.06%, 7.23%, 5.81%, and 10.42% for HIV, HBV, HCV, and Syphilis infections, respectively. A significant decline in HBV and HCV infections was observed in the general donor population and across genders. HIV infection rate remained steady while Syphilis infections recorded a significantly increasing trend, peaking in the year 2015 (14.20%). Age stratification in HBV infection was significant, peaking among age group 40–49 years (8.82%). Conclusion. Asymptomatic blood-borne pathogen burden was high among the adult population in Akwatia. Gender variations in HBV, HCV, and Syphilis infections in the cumulative four-year burden were observed. Awareness needs to be created, especially in the older generation.