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Journal of Tropical Medicine
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 4239646, 10 pages
Review Article

Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Tanzania: Current Status and Challenges

1Department of Internal Medicine, Catholic University of Allied and Health Sciences, P. O. Box 1440, Mwanza, Tanzania
2Department of Internal Medicine, Bugando Medical Centre, P.O. Box 1370, Mwanza, Tanzania
3Department of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of Dodoma, P. O. Box 395, Dodoma, Tanzania
4Renal Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, The Aga Khan Hospital, P.O. Box 2289, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Correspondence should be addressed to Semvua B. Kilonzo

Received 1 November 2017; Revised 18 December 2017; Accepted 3 January 2018; Published 30 January 2018

Academic Editor: Marcel Tanner

Copyright © 2018 Semvua B. Kilonzo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Hepatitis B is one of the most common infectious diseases in the world with high prevalence in most of sub-Saharan Africa countries. The complexity in its diagnosis and treatment poses a significant management challenge in the resource-limited settings including Tanzania, where most of the tests and drugs are either unavailable or unaffordable. This mini review aims at demonstrating the current status of the disease in the country and discussing the concomitant challenges in diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.