Table 2: Hepatitis B prevalence in Tanzania among different population groups.

Population typeStudyYearRegion/cityPrevalence

All age groupsPellizzer et al. [8]1994Dar es Salaam4.4%
AdultsMiller et al. [7]1998Dar es Salaam6.0%
ChildrenMuro et al. [9]2013Kilimanjaro4.2%
ChildrenMeschi et al. [10]2010Iringa4.3%
ChildrenMeschi et al. [10]2010Pemba1.8%
Blood donorsAllMoHCDGEC [17]2016Nationwide6.2%
AllHasegawa et al. [14]2006Dar es Salaam4.8%
AllMatee et al. [38]1999Dar es Salaam11%
AllJacobs et al. [20]1997Mwanza11.2%
Replacement donorsMatee et al. [18]2006Dar es Salaam9.5%
Voluntary donorsMatee et al. [18]2006Dar es Salaam7.2%
Health care workers Mueller et al. [29]2015Mwanza7.0%
Pregnant womenManyahi et al. [24]2017Dar es Salaam8.0%
Mirambo et al. [26]2016Mwanza3.8%
Rashid et al. [39]2014Dar es Salaam3.9%
Msuya et al. [25]2006Kilimanjaro4.2%
Pellizzer et al. [8]1994Dar es Salaam4.3%
PWID Mohammed et al. [40]2006Zanzibar2.1%
Coinfections
 HBV/HIVAdultsKilonzo et al. [41]2017Mwanza6.6%
Adults Ramírez-Mena et al. [42]2016Morogoro7.3%
AdultsHawkins et al. [43]2013Dar es Salaam6.2%
ChildrenMuro et al. [9]2013Kilimanjaro2.9%
ChildrenTelatela et al. [44]2007Dar es Salaam1.2%
 HBV/HCVPWID Mohammed and Salim [45]2017Dar es Salaam9.8%
HIV-infected adultsNagu et al. [46]2008Dar es Salaam3.9%
PWID Mohammed and Salim [40]2006Zanzibar5.4%
 HEVAdultsMiller et al. [7]1998Dar es Salaam0%