Journal of Tropical Medicine / 2019 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

The Incidence of Non-Tuberculous Mycobacteria in Infants in Kenya

Table 4

Pediatric NTM studies in Africa between years 2000 and 2018.

Authors, Country, Year of PublicationStudy TypeStudy PopulationNTM proportion of Presumptive TBMost frequently isolated NTM Clinical RelevanceMTBC-NTM co-infectionProportion of participants with TBNational/local TB prevalence per 100,
000 at time of study

Present Study (Kenya)Prospective Cohort Study<2 years2.6%M. fortuitum (32%)Colonisation2/191.5%600 [16]

Asiimwe B, Uganda 2013 [14]Prospective Cohort Study<1 year3.7%M. fortuitum (64%)Not specified0Not specified193 [17]

Hatherill M, South Africa 2006 [13]Prospective Cohort Study<2 years6%M. intracellulare (41%)7/109-NTM disease5/10911%960 [18]

Lopez-Varela E, Mozambique
2017 [15]
Prospective Cohort Study<2 years26%M. intracellulare (68%)Colonisation0>1.4%>544 [19]

Workalemahu B,
Ethiopia
2013 [20]
Cross sectional Hospital Survey<15 years9.9%M. fortuitum (29%)Not specified015%237 [20]

Based on authors’ description of suggestive clinical and radiological features.

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