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Journal of Thyroid Research
Volume 2011, Article ID 359864, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/359864
Case Report

Thyroid Tuberculosis: A Case Series and a Review of the Literature

Section of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Faculty Office Building 2nd Floor, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi 74800, Pakistan

Received 16 September 2010; Accepted 24 February 2011

Academic Editor: Carmen C. Solorzano

Copyright © 2011 Uzma Majid and Najmul Islam. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. Tuberculosis of the thyroid gland is a very rare disease. The incidence of extrapulmonary tuberculosis has been showing a progressive increase in the recent years. We present three cases of primary thyroid tuberculosis. Methods. Two cases were diagnosed on the basis of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), as they presented with thyroid nodule. The third case was diagnosed on histopathology as the patient underwent total thyroidectomy for the left-side nodule which was a follicular lesion on FNAC. Tuberculosis was diagnosed on the other lobe. Results. All three patients were given antituberculous treatment for nine months, and their nodular lesions completely resolved after treatment. Conclusion. Although rare the, thyroid tuberculosis should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of thyroid masses, even in patient with no history and symptom of tuberculosis disease elsewhere.