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Journal of Transplantation
Volume 2011, Article ID 136298, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/136298
Clinical Study

Knowledge and Demand for Information about Islet Transplantation in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes

1Department of Adult Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine, School of Health Sciences and Nursing, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
2Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Kanto Medical Center NTT EC, Tokyo 141-8625, Japan
3Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Mitsui Memorial Hospital, Tokyo 101-8643, Japan
4Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Toranomon Hospital, Tokyo 105-8470, Japan
5Third Department of Internal Medicine, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi 409-3898, Japan

Received 15 August 2011; Accepted 9 October 2011

Academic Editor: Wojciech Rowiński

Copyright © 2011 Yuko Yamamoto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This cross-sectional study based on self-administrated questionnaire was conducted to investigate knowledge, related factors, and sources of information regarding islet transplantation in patients with type 1 diabetes in Japan. Among 137 patients who provided valid responses, 67 (48.9%) knew about islet transplantation. Their main source of information was newspapers or magazines (56.7%) and television or radio (46.3%). However, 85.8% of patients preferred the attending physician as their source of information. Although more than half of the patients were correctly aware of issues related to islet transplantation, the following specific issues for islet transplantation were not understood or considered, and there was little knowledge of them: need for immunosuppressants, lifestyle and dietary adaptations, fewer bodily burdens, and complications. The experience of hypoglycaemia, a high level of academic background, frequent self-monitoring of blood glucose, and the use of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion were related to higher knowledge about islet transplantation.