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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 1 (1992), Issue 1, Pages 67-69

IL-7 and IL-8 inhibit gamete interaction in the zona-free hamster egg sperm penetration assay

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, Miami Beach, FL, USA
2San Francisco Reproductive Medicine Center, 390 Laurel Street, Suite 100, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA

Copyright © 1992 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Current thought in reproductive endocrinology suggests hat endometriosis-associated subfertility may be the result of an adverse influence of activated immunocompetent cells on fertilization and embryo development. Inflammatory ediators such as interleukin-1 and tumour necrosis actor have been implicated in the pathophysiology of this process. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of two recently characterized cytokines, interleukin-7 (IL-7 ) and interleukin-8 (IL-8), on gamete interaction in the perm penetration assay (SPA). Donor sperm were preincubated or 4 h with 0.5, 5, 50, or 500 ng ml-1 of human ecombinant IL-7 or IL-8. Sperm penetration was determined by an experienced gametologist by the presence of decondensed sperm heads or pronuclei formation. A dose-dependent inhibition of gamete interaction was observed following coincubation with either IL-7 or IL-8. These data offer the possibility that IL-7 and IL-8 may play a role in the pathogenesis of immunocompetent cell-associated subfertility.