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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 143-147
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/S0962935193000213

Human parathyroid hormone fragment stimulates the de novo synthesis of prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase in chick calvaria

1Department of Dentistry, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, 18 Sy-Yuan Road, Taipei 100, Taiwan
2Department of Physiology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York 10595, USA

Received 29 December 1992; Accepted 3 February 1993

Copyright © 1993 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The human parathyroid hormone N-terminal fragment [hPTH-(1–34)] increases the conversion of exogenous unsaturated fatty acids to prostaglandins (PGs) in calvarial homogenates. Enzyme activities were completely blocked by indomethacin (5 × 10−7 M), a PG synthase inhibitor, and actinomycin D (5 μM), an inhibitor of transcription, by binding to DNA. In addition, a potent inhibitor of protein synthesis, cycloheximide (10 μM), totally inhibited the stimulating effect of hPTH-(1–34) on prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase (PG synthase, EC 1.14.99.1). The stimulatory effect of hPTH-(1–34) on PG synthase was also reduced by the addition of stannous chloride. However, epidermal growth factor (EGF), platelet-derived activating factor (PDGF), and ionophore A23187 did not show the same stimulating effect as hPTH-(1–34) on PG synthase in calvaria. The results further demonstrated that PG synthase is a membrane-bound enzyme in chick calvaria. In this communication, evidence is presented that hPTH-(1–34) stimulates the de novo synthesis of PG synthase as demonstrated by the increased activity in calvarial homogenates and microsomes.