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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 282-288

Myeloperoxidase and eosinophil cationic protein in serum and sputum during antibiotic treatment in cystic fibrosis patients with Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection

University Children's Hospital (KAVH), Virchov-Klinikum of Humboldt University, Berlin Heubnerweg D-14059, Germany

Copyright © 1995 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


I order to study the time-course of myeloperoxidase (MPO) and eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) as parameters for monitoring inflammation in cystic fibrosis (CF), we investigated ten patients during both a 14-day intravenous antibiotic treatment and a corresponding self control. Modified Shwachman-Kulczycki score improved significantly (p < 0.008), C-reactive protein (CRP) levels decreased significantly (p < 0.05) during antibiotic treatment, while in the control phase there were no significant differences. Lung function parameters did not change significantly during antibiotic treatment or control phase. Serum MPO concentration (p < 0.006) and peripheral blood neutrophil granulocyte counts (p < 0.04) decreased significantly during antibiotic treatment, but not during the control phase. Sentm ECP concentration showed a tendency to decrease during antibiotic treatment, but this failed to reach significance. In general, sputum concentrations of MPO and ECP Were 500- to 1000-fold higher than in serum. However, neither MPO nor ECP in sputum showed a significan variation over time during antibiotic treatment or control phase. From our data we conclude that: (1) measurements of MPO, neutrophils and CRP in peripheral blood do correlate with clinical parameters such as the modified Shwachman-Kulczycki score; (2) neutrophils and MPO seem to reflect inflammatory changes induced by antibiotic treatment; (3) eosinophils may play a role in CF by an enhanced ‘releasability’ and (4) Sputum measurements of mediators of inflammation cannot be recommended.