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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 4, Issue 5, Pages 359-363

Participation of the adrenal gland in the anti-inflammatory effect of polyunsaturated diets

Department of Physiology, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo SP, Brazil

Copyright © 1995 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The effect of an n-3 (fish) and n-6 (soybean) fatty acid-rich diet on carrageenin paw oedema in rats, and the participation of adrenal gland, corticosterone and α2-macroglobulin (α2-M) in this process were studied. A significant inhibition of carrageenin oedema was observed not only in rats fed a diet rich in fish oil but also in the soybean group. α2-M was not detectable before carrageenin injection, suggesting that this putative antiinflammatory factor does not participate in the observed anti-inflammatory effect. Corticosterone levels were higher in fat-fed than in control rats, before carrageenin stimulus and adrenalectomy abolished the anti-inflammatory response in fat-fed animals, showing the important role of the adrenocortical hormones in this process.