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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 112-116

Modulation of oxazolone-induced hypersensitivity in mice by selective PDE inhibitors

1Institut de Recherche Jouveinal, 9 rue de la Loge, Fresnes Cedex 94265, France
2Department of Pharmacy, University of the Witwatersrand Medical School, Parktown, Johannesburg 2193, South Africa

Copyright © 1995 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The effects of PDE inhibitors on oxazolone-induced contact hypersensitivity (CS) were studied in mice. Rolipram, Ro 20-1724 and theophylline dose dependently inhibited CS but none caused >53% inhibition. ED30 values at 24 h before challenge for rolipram, Ro 20-1724 and theophylline were 2.1, 5.4 and 30.4 mg/kg, p.o., respectively. Milrinone and SKF 94836 at 30 mg/kg caused a small, but significant inhibition of 13% and 18%, respectively, although the inhibition (8%) caused by zaprinast was not significant. Betamethasone (10 mg/kg, p.o.) caused a marked inhibition (80%) as did indomethacin (65% at 5 mg/kg, p.o.). Rolipram and Ro 20-1724 inhibited proliferation of mouse lymphoblasts with IC50 values of 0.08 μM and 0.83 μM, respectively. In contrast, zaprinast caused only a weak inhibition (IC50 = 119 μM) of lymphocyte proliferation, whereas SKF 94836 and theophylline failed to cause any significant inhibition at 100 μM (26% and 2%, respectively). These findings suggest that PDE IV isozymes play a principal role in mediating CS by inhibiting lymphocyte activation.