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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 4 (1995), Issue 3, Pages 175-180
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/S0962935195000287

Interleukin-2 receptor β chain as a possible target for low doses of mafosfamide

1Research Centre for Medical Genetics, Moskvorechie St., Moscow 115478, Russia
2M.M. Shemyakin and Yu.A. Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Moscow, Russia

Copyright © 1995 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The 7-day cytotoxic lymphocytes (CTL) induced in mixed lymphocyte culture express only the chain of the interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R). In the present study this fact has been confirmed in a murine semi-allogeneic system. The ability of low doses of mafosfamide (Mf) to affect IL-2-induced CTL proliferation has been demonstrated. It was also shown that IL-2 activated resting suppressor cells. The pretreatment of the suppressor cells with either monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against the p75 chain of IL-2R, or with Mf abolished the suppressive effect of these cells. No restoration of the proliferative response occurred when the anti-IL-2Rα mAb had been used. Flow cytometry analysis of 7-day CTL was carried out with mAbs against the α and β chains of IL-2R. CTL treatment with Mf inhibited anti-IL-2Rβ mAb binding. It may be assumed that the anti-proliferative effects of Mf which have been demonstrated in this paper, were a result of blocking the IL-2R β chain.