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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 25-30

Macrophage activation by lipopolysaccharide, interferon-γ and interleukin-4: effect of fatty acid metabolism

1Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff CF4 4XN, UK
2Department of Biochemistry, University of Wales College of Cardiff, Cardiff CF1 1ST, UK

Copyright © 1995 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of interferon-γ and -β (IFN-γ, -β), interleukin-4 and -10 (IL-4, -10) and Hpopolysaccharide (LPS) on the metabolism and composition of phospholipid fatty acids in macrophages. Murine J774.2 macrophages were incubated with radiolabelled fatty acids and the appropriate stimulus and the incorporation and composition of the phospholipid classes was determined. IFN-γ and IL-4 specifically stimulated enhanced incorporation of [14C]-linoleic acid into the phosphatidytethanolamine fraction. IL-4 (in contrast to IFN-γ and LPS) reduced incorporation of [14C]- arachidonic acid into phosphatidylinositol. Incubation of J774.2 cells with linoleic acid significantly increased TNFα and nitric oxide production; arachidonic acid enhanced TNFα production but reduced nitric oxide production. It is concluded that IFN-γ, IL-4 and IL-10 may differentially regulate macrophage activation via effects on the metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids.